Risk factors and prevalence of periodontitis in community-dwelling elders in Mexico

S. Aída Borges-Yáñez, María Esther Irigoyen-Camacho, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The objective of this study was to determine whether an association existed between chronic systemic diseases/conditions, risk factors common in old age, and the extent and severity of chronic periodontal disease. Materials and Methods: Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics were examined by contrasting rural, urban-marginal, and urban social environments in Central Mexico. Data were analysed with Analysis of Variance, χ2 tests, and multivariable logistic regression. Results: A total of 473 adults 60 years old and over were interviewed; 315 were also examined and underwent laboratory assays (participation rate, 66%); women, 62%; mean age 73±8 years; 23% edentulous. The distribution of periodontitis by sociodemographic variables showed differences across locales (73% low-urban, 57% middle-urban, 29% rural). The regression model indicated that periodontitis was more frequently associated with low-urban locale, higher systolic blood pressure, higher body mass index, and worse calculus readings, with an interaction whereby being obese and having a high calculus index was associated with a high probability of having periodontitis. Conclusions: Overall periodontal conditions were fair. While we identified oral, systemic, and social variables that modulated the experience of periodontitis, it would appear that urban, low social class elders appeared to have worse periodontal conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-194
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006

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Independent Living
Periodontitis
Mexico
Calculi
Chronic Disease
Social Environment
Periodontal Diseases
Social Class
Life Style
Reading
Analysis of Variance
Body Mass Index
Logistic Models
Blood Pressure
Hypertension

Keywords

  • Calculus
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Elderly
  • Hypertension
  • Mexico
  • Periodontitis
  • Systemic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Risk factors and prevalence of periodontitis in community-dwelling elders in Mexico. / Borges-Yáñez, S. Aída; Irigoyen-Camacho, María Esther; Maupome, Gerardo.

In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Vol. 33, No. 3, 03.2006, p. 184-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Borges-Yáñez, S. Aída ; Irigoyen-Camacho, María Esther ; Maupome, Gerardo. / Risk factors and prevalence of periodontitis in community-dwelling elders in Mexico. In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2006 ; Vol. 33, No. 3. pp. 184-194.
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