Risk of bleomycin-related pulmonary toxicities and operativemorbidity after postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients with good-risk germ cell tumors

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Abstract

Purpose Three cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP×3) or four cycles of etoposide and cisplatin (EP×4) are first-line chemotherapy regimens for men with International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) good-risk germ cell tumors (GCTs).Wedetermined whether inclusion of bleomycin affected pulmonary and operative morbidity after postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (PC-RPLND). Patients and Methods We queried our database to identify IGCCCG good-risk patients who received BEP×3 or EP×4 induction chemotherapy before PC-RPLND from 2006 to 2016. Patients who received combination regimens were excluded. The primary outcomes of interest were pulmonary morbidity (prolonged intubation, reintubation, supplemental oxygen use, intensive care unit stay) and operative morbidity (operative time, length of stay, concomitant procedures, estimated blood loss). Results We analyzed 234 patients (191 BEP×3 v 43 EP×4). All patients were extubated immediately after the operation. None were reintubated or discharged on oxygen. Two patients in each cohort required an intensive care unit stay for nonpulmonary reasons. Patients treated with BEP required shorter use of supplemental oxygen (0.99 v 1.63 days; P = .005). No significant differences were found in preoperative mass size (P = .42) or concomitant surgeries (P = .58). Operative time was significantly shorter (131 v 170 minutes; P,.01), and estimated blood loss was considerably less (194 v 226 mL; P , .01) in patients treated with BEP. Length of stay was shorter in patients treated with BEP (3.3 v 3.9 days; P , .01). Conclusion In a modern surgical cohort, the inclusion of bleomycin does not seem to influence pulmonary morbidity, operative difficulty, or nonpulmonary postoperative complications after PC-RPLND in men with IGCCCG good-risk GST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2950-2954
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume36
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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