Risk of urinary bladder cancer among Blacks and Whites

the role of cigarette use and occupation

Patricia Brissette Burns, G. Marie Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A case-control study was conducted in the United States to examine the relationship between urinary bladder cancer, usual occupation and industry, and cigarette smoking. A total of 2,160 bladder cancer cases and 3,979 colon and rectum comparison cases, with complete histories of occupation and tobacco use, were included in the analysis. Ever having smoked cigarettes significantly elevated bladder cancer risk (odds ratio = 2.4). A dose-response relationship was demonstrated between bladder cancer and pack-years of smoking, usual number of cigarettes smoked per day, and number of years having smoked. This study observes greater risk of urinary bladder cancer due to cigarette smoking among Black males and females than among White males and females. A significant excess of bladder cancer was found among armed services personnel; this excess was restricted to White males when the analysis was performed separately by race. Black males with 'mechanic' as their usual occupation had a significant sevenfold excess of bladder cancer. The population attributable risks for occupation and smoking were 25 percent and 51 percent, respectively. The results demonstrate the strength of the association between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer and the need to control for smoking in occupational analyses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Occupations
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Odds Ratio
hydroquinone
Tobacco Use
Rectum
Case-Control Studies
Industry
Colon
Population

Keywords

  • Blacks
  • bladder cancer
  • occupational risk factors
  • smoking
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Risk of urinary bladder cancer among Blacks and Whites : the role of cigarette use and occupation. / Burns, Patricia Brissette; Swanson, G. Marie.

In: Cancer Causes and Control, Vol. 2, No. 6, 11.1991, p. 371-379.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burns, Patricia Brissette ; Swanson, G. Marie. / Risk of urinary bladder cancer among Blacks and Whites : the role of cigarette use and occupation. In: Cancer Causes and Control. 1991 ; Vol. 2, No. 6. pp. 371-379.
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