Risks of peritoneal membrane failure in children undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis

Sharon P. Andreoli, Carl D. Langefeld, Sally Stadler, Paula Smith, Allison Sears, Karen West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis are at risk for membrane injury, necessitating conversion to hemodialysis. We analyzed the incidence and risk factors for membrane failure (inadequate ultrafiltration with or without peritoneal adhesions and decreased peritoneal surface area) in 68 children maintained with peritoneal dialysis for more than 3 months at our institution. The overall incidence of membrane failure was 16.2% (11/68). Kaplan-Meier estimates of peritoneal membrane survival were 88% at 24 months, 72% at 36 months, 65% at 48 months, and 52% at 60 months. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the risk of membrane failure increased with the number of episodes of peritonitis (odds ratio 1.61). The rate of peritonitis was 1 per 7.02 patient months in children who developed membrane failure compared with 1 per 9.18 patient months in children without membrane failures but the rate of peritonitis was not predictive of membrane failure (P=0.09). Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that peritonitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or alpha streptococcal organisms were independent predictors of membrane failure. We conclude that peritoneal membrane survival declines substantially with time on peritoneal dialysis and that membrane failure is associated with peritonitis, particularly peritonitis caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and alpha streptococcal organisms. The mechanism(s) of membrane injury are unknown but may be related to the inflammatory response initiated during peritonitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-547
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Nephrology
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1993

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Keywords

  • Alpha streptococci
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Peritoneal membrane
  • Peritonitis
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  • Ultrafiltration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nephrology

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