Robotic Partial Nephrectomy for a Peripheral Renal Tumor

Caleb A. Cooper, Cheuk Fan Shum, Chandru Sundaram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Partial nephrectomy (PN) is the preferred surgical treatment for T1 renal tumors whenever technically feasible. When properly performed, it allows preservation of nephron mass without compromising oncologic outcomes. This reduces the postoperative risk of renal insufficiency, which translates into better overall survival for the patients. PN can be technically challenging, because it requires the surgeon to complete the tasks of tumor excision, hemostasis and renorrhaphy, all within an ischemic time of preferably below 30 minutes. The surgeon needs to avoid violating the tumor margins while leaving behind the maximal parenchymal volume at the same time. Variations such as zero ischemia, early unclamping, and selective clamping have been developed in an attempt to reduce the negative impact of renal ischemia, but inevitably add to the steep learning curves for any surgeon. Being able to appreciate the fine details of each surgical step in PN is the fundamental basis to the success of this surgery. The use of the robotic assistance allows a good combination of the minimally invasive nature of laparoscopic surgery and the surgical exposure and dexterity of open surgery. It also allows the use of adjuncts such as concurrent ultrasound assessment of the renal mass and intraoperative fluorescence to aid the identification of tumor margins, all with a simple hand switch at the console. Robot-assisted laparoscopic PN is now the most commonly performed type of PN in the United States and is gaining acceptance on the global scale. In this video, we illustrate the steps of robot-assisted laparoscopic PN and highlight the technical key points for success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S55-S62
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

Robotics
Nephrectomy
Kidney
Neoplasms
Ischemia
Learning Curve
Nephrons
Hemostasis
Constriction
Laparoscopy
Renal Insufficiency
Hand
Fluorescence
Survival
Surgeons

Keywords

  • nephrectomy
  • renal cancer
  • robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy for a Peripheral Renal Tumor. / Cooper, Caleb A.; Shum, Cheuk Fan; Sundaram, Chandru.

In: Journal of Endourology, Vol. 32, 01.05.2018, p. S55-S62.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cooper, Caleb A. ; Shum, Cheuk Fan ; Sundaram, Chandru. / Robotic Partial Nephrectomy for a Peripheral Renal Tumor. In: Journal of Endourology. 2018 ; Vol. 32. pp. S55-S62.
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