Experiments were performed to elucidate the mechanism through which p210 BCR-ABL, by its downstream signals, regulates c-myc messenger RNA expression in hematopoietic cells. We studied a model system in which stable expression of p210 BCR-ABL in interleukin-3 (IL-3) dependent murine myeloid cell lines led to growth factor independent transformation. Active c-myc transcription was observed in p210 BCR-ABL transformed cells by nuclear run-on assay, and in heterologous reporter assays performed with the 5' regulatory region of murine c-myc linked to firefly luciferase. Transcription initiation occurred primarily from the P2 promoter in p210 BCR-ABL transformed cells. Cis and trans elements responsible for transcription initiation from the c-myc P2 promoter were studied. Expression of E2F1 protein in p210 BCR-ABL transformed cells accounted, in part, for binding to the E2F site of the P2 c-myc promoter. The functional importance of E2F1 expression in p210 BCR-ABL transformed cells toward c-myc transcription was established in reporter assays performed with the P2 c-myc promoter containing either wild-type or mutant E2F sites. Mutation of the E2F motif of P2 5' c-myc reduced activity of the promoter by 50%. By gel mobility shift, E2F1 was found in P2 c-myc band shift complexes along with the cyclin-dependent kinase 2. Therefore, coupling of E2F to components of the retinoblastoma-cyclin pathway defines a route from p210 BCR-ABL to, c-myc transcription, which is required for p210 BCR-ABL transformation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Sep 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research