Role of antiemetic drugs for the treatment of acute gastroenteritis in children

Rachel C. Vreeman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute gastroenteritis commonly causes diarrhea and vomiting in children and adolescents, resulting in many outpatient clinic visits, emergency department visits and hospitalizations, often owing to dehydration that results from persistent diarrhea and vomiting. The use of antiemetics (medications that prevent nausea and vomiting) has been controversial for children with gastroenteritis. While antiemetics can cause adverse events, including more diarrhea, scientifc evidence suggests that certain antiemetics, particularly ondansetron, can reduce vomiting and decrease the chance that a child will need intravenous fluids or have to be admitted to the hospital.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-341
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Health
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Keywords

  • Antiemetics
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Ondansetron
  • Pediatrics
  • Vomiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics

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