Role of ether-linked lysophosphatidic acids in ovarian cancer cells

Jun Lu, Yi Jin Xiao, Linnea M. Baudhuin, Guiying Hong, Yan Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naturally occurring alkyl- and alkenyl-lysophosphatidic acids (al-LPAs) are detected and elevated in ovarian cancer ascites compared with ascites from non-malignant diseases. Here we describe the biological functions and signaling properties of these ether-linked LPAs in ovarian cancer cells. They are elevated and stable in ovarian cancer ascites, which represents an in vivo environment for ovarian cancer cells. They stimulated DNA synthesis and proliferation of ovarian cancer cells. In addition, they induced cell migration and the secretion of a pro-angiogenic factor, interleukin-8 (IL-8), in ovarian cancer cells. The latter two processes are potentially related to tumor metastasis and angiogenesis, respectively. Al-LPAs induced diverse signaling pathways in ovarian cancer cells. Their mitogenic activity depended on the activation of the Gi/o protein, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K), and mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK), but not p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAP kinase). S473 phosphorylation of protein kinase B (Akt) by these lipids required activation of the Gi/o protein, PI3K, MEK, p38 MAP kinase, and Rho. However, T308 phosphorylation of Akt stimulated by al-LPAs did not require activation of p38 MAP kinase. On the other hand, cell migration induced by al-LPAs depended on activities of the Gi/o protein, PI3K, and Rho, but not MEK. These data suggest that ether-linked LPAs may play an important role in ovarian cancer development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-476
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume43
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 6 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alkenyl-LPA
  • Alkyl-lysophosphatidic acid
  • Mitogen activated protein kinase
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Protein kinase B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Lu, J., Xiao, Y. J., Baudhuin, L. M., Hong, G., & Xu, Y. (2002). Role of ether-linked lysophosphatidic acids in ovarian cancer cells. Journal of Lipid Research, 43(3), 463-476.