Role of K(ATP)/+ channels in local metabolic coronary vasodilation

Keith Neu Richmond, Johnathan D. Tune, Mark W. Gorman, Eric O. Feigl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)/+) channels have been shown to play a role in the maintenance of basal coronary vascular tone in vivo. K(ATP)/+ channels are also involved in the coronary vasodilator response to adenosine. The aim of this study was to determine the role of K(ATP)/+ channels in local metabolically mediated increases in coronary blood flow during cardiac electrical paired pacing without catecholamine effects. In 10 anesthetized closed-chest dogs, coronary blood flow was measured in the left circumflex coronary artery, and myocardial O2 consumption was calculated using the arteriovenous O2 difference. Cardiac interstitial adenosine concentration was estimated from coronary venous and arterial plasma adenosine measurements using a previously described, multicompartmental, axially distributed, mathematical model. Paired stimulation increased heart rate from 57 to 120 beats/min, myocardial O2 consumption 88%, and coronary blood flow 76%. During K(ATP)/+ channel blockade with glibenclamide, baseline coronary blood flow decreased in relation to myocardial O2 consumption and thus coronary sinus O2 tension fell. Paired-pulse pacing with glibenclamide resulted in increases in myocardial O2 consumption and coronary blood flow similar to those during control pacing. Coronary venous and estimated interstitial adenosine concentration did not increase sufficiently to overcome the glibenclamide blockade. In conclusion, K(ATP)/+ channels are not required for locally mediated metabolic increases in coronary blood flow that accompany myocardial O2 consumption during pacing tachycardia without catecholamines, and adenosine levels do not increase sufficiently to overcome the glibenclamide blockade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H2115-H2123
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume277
Issue number6 46-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Canine
  • Coronary blood flow
  • Glibenclamide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Richmond, K. N., Tune, J. D., Gorman, M. W., & Feigl, E. O. (1999). Role of K(ATP)/+ channels in local metabolic coronary vasodilation. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 277(6 46-6), H2115-H2123.