Role of nucleotides in stabilization of the phospholamban/cardiac Ca2+ pump inhibitory complex examined with use of metal fluorides

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Phospholamban (PLB) inhibits the activity of the cardiac calcium pump SERCA2a. We previously showed that PLB with engineered Cys residues only cross-linked with the Ca2+-free E2 intermediate of SERCA2a. Formation of E2•PLB prevents Ca2+ binding at the high-affinity Ca2+ binding sites, blocking the enzyme kinetic cycle. Here we further studied the synergistic action of PLB and ATP on E2 in terms of prevention of formation of the phosphorylated E2P-like states stabilized by metal fluorides. SERCA2a was co-expressed in insect cell microsomes with PLB mutants of normal or super-inhibitory strength, with cross-linkable mutations at either the cytosolic side (N30C) or the luminal side (V49C) of PLB. For normal-strength PLB mutants, in the absence of nucleotide, metal fluorides totally inhibited both SERCA2a enzyme activity and cross-linking of PLB to SERCA2a at both sites, suggesting that PLB dissociates from SERCA2a in the E2P-like states. However, under the same conditions, super-inhibitory PLB mutants prevented total enzyme inhibition by metal fluorides. Further, the cross-linking of super-inhibitory PLB to SERCA2a was only partially inhibited by metal fluorides, but was drastically restored upon sequential addition of ATP. These results revealed the equilibrium between E2•PLB, E2•ATP, or E2•ATP•PLB states and E2P-like states, suggesting that the synergistic binding of ATP and PLB to SERCA is very strong, sufficient to prevent formation of E2 phosphoenzymes, even when stabilized by metal fluorides. Phospholamban (PLB) inhibits the cardiac calcium pump (SERCA2a) by binding to the calcium-free, E2 state. We showed that the synergistic action of super-inhibitory PLB and ATP reversed metal fluorides inhibition of the enzyme activity and SERCA2a cross-linking to PLB. Thus, the E2•ATP•PLB complex prevents the formation of E2 phosphoenzymes, even when stabilized by metal fluorides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4402-4414
Number of pages13
JournalFEBS Journal
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015



  • calcium ATPase
  • conformational changes
  • metal fluorides
  • phospholamban
  • protein cross-linking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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