On the basis of strong research evidence, exposures to contaminated food, water, and colonized animals are major risk factors for Salmonella infections. (3)(4)(7)(14) • On the basis of research evidence and consensus, infants younger than 3 months with Salmonella gastroenteritis are at an increased risk of extraintestinal complications, such as bacteremia, meningitis, and osteomyelitis, and must be treated regardless of severity of illness. (4)(11) • On the basis of strong research and epidemiologic evidence, antimicrobial resistance is a serious problem in the treatment of typhoid fever. (12)(13)(14) • On the basis of strong research evidence, vaccines can effectively prevent typhoid fever. (17)(18)(19)(20) • On the basis of published guidelines and current standards of care, children younger than 5 years and those with immunocompromising conditions, such as human immunodeficiency virus and cancer, should avoid contact with turtles, iguanas, and snakes(3).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health