Salvage chemotherapy with high-dose carboplatin and etoposide with peripheral blood stem cell transplant in patients with relapsed pure seminoma

Anuj K. Agarwala, Susan M. Perkins, Rafat Abonour, Mary J. Brames, Lawrence H. Einhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate rates of complete remission and overall survival for patients with relapsed pure seminoma treated with high-dose carboplatin and etoposide followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplant. Patients and Methods: Forty-eight consecutive patients with relapsed pure seminoma who were treated with high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant between May 1996 and June 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Upon relapse (first, second, or third relapse) patients were given HDCT with carboplatin 700 mg/m and etoposide 750 mg/m for 3 consecutive days followed by infusion of peripheral blood stem cells. Here, we review both response and survival. Results: Thirty-eight (79%) of 48 patients obtained a complete response (CR) with overall survival of 75%. Median follow-up of all patients was 45.6 months. Twenty-two (92%) of 24 patients in first relapse achieved CR and are still alive and continuously disease-free. Sixteen (67%) of 24 patients had HDCT as third- or fourth-line therapy with 67% CR and overall survival of 64%. There were 3 treatment-related deaths, all of which occurred as third- or fourth-line therapy. Conclusion: HDCT results in high rates of both CR and overall survival in patients with first or later relapsed pure seminoma germ cell tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)286-288
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

Keywords

  • autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplant
  • germ cell tumor
  • high-dose chemotherapy
  • relapsed pure seminoma
  • seminoma
  • testicular cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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