SDF-1/CXCL12 enhances survival and chemotaxis of murine embryonic stem cells and production of primitive and definitive hematopoietic progenitor cells

Ying Guo, Giao Hangoc, Huimin Bian, Louis M. Pelus, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding embryonic stem cell (ESC) regulation is important for realizing how best to control their growth and differentiation ex vivo for potential therapeutic benefit Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and its receptor, CXCR4, have been implicated as important regulators of a number of fetal and adult cell functions, including survival/antiapoptosis and migration/homing of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. We hypothesized that the SDF-1/CXCL12-CXCR4 axis would also be important for regulation of murine ESC functions. ESCs secreted low levels of SDF-1/CXCL12 and expressed low levels of CXCR4; however, both increased with differentiation of ESCs. Endogenously produced/released SDF-1/CXCL12 enhanced survival/antiapoptosis of ESCs in the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor but absence of serum, and survival/antiapoptosis was further enhanced by exogenous administration of SDF-1/CXCL12. Furthermore, SDF-1/CXCL12 induced chemotaxis of ESCs, and chemotaxis could be enhanced by diprotin A inhibition of CD26/ dipeptidylpeptidase IV. Endogenous and exogenous SDF-1/CXCL12 enhanced embryoid body production of primitive and definitive erythroid, granulocyte-macrophage, and multipotential progenitors. SDF-1/CXCL12 did not noticeably affect production of hemangioblasts. These results demonstrate functional activities of SDF-1/CXCL12 on survival, chemotaxis, and hematopoietic differentiation of murine ESCs that may be relevant for their ex vivo manipulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1324-1332
Number of pages9
JournalSTEM CELLS
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Chemotaxis
  • Differentiation
  • Embryonic stem cells
  • SDF-1/CXCL12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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