SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation

Eoin Guerin, Carl Sheridan, David Assheton, David Kent, David Wong, Maria Grant, Paul Hiscott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to contribute to experimentally induced choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in animal models. The recruitment pathway for EPCs is dependent on the chemokine stromal cell derived factor 1-alpha (SDF) and its receptor CXCR4 on the progenitor cell. We examined 23 specimens of CNV occurring secondary to a variety of aetiologies (10 secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 4 inflammatory, 4 idiopathic and 5 melanoma-associated) for the presence and distribution of SDF and CXCR4 in order to determine if this pathway may play a role in neovascularisation. Specimens were examined by immunohistochemistry using a panel of antibodies against SDF, CXCR4, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), CD34 (endothelial cells), CD68 (macrophages) and cytokeratins (retinal pigment epithelium; RPE). SDF was detected in 2 cases of CNV in AMD, 1 inflammatory CNV, 3 idiopathic CNVs and in 3 cases of CNV associated with melanoma. A significant association was found between SDF and VEGFR-2 immunostaining in individual membranes (p <0.001). Localisation of SDF immunostaining to the presumed RPE was also significant (p <0.05). CXCR4 immunostaining was widespread in all membranes in keeping with the published work of other investigators. Our study suggests that SDF, which may be produced by the RPE, could play a role in CNV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalMicrovascular Research
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
Choroidal Neovascularization
Endothelial cells
CXCR4 Receptors
Membranes
Chemokine CXCL12
Retinal Pigments
Macrophages
Keratins
Chemokines
Melanoma
Animals
Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Antibodies
human KDR protein
Stem Cells
Endothelial Cells
Animal Models
Immunohistochemistry
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Choroidal neovascularisation
  • Endothelial progenitor cells
  • Stromal cell derived factor 1-alpha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Guerin, E., Sheridan, C., Assheton, D., Kent, D., Wong, D., Grant, M., & Hiscott, P. (2008). SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation. Microvascular Research, 75(3), 302-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2007.12.001

SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation. / Guerin, Eoin; Sheridan, Carl; Assheton, David; Kent, David; Wong, David; Grant, Maria; Hiscott, Paul.

In: Microvascular Research, Vol. 75, No. 3, 04.2008, p. 302-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Guerin, E, Sheridan, C, Assheton, D, Kent, D, Wong, D, Grant, M & Hiscott, P 2008, 'SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation', Microvascular Research, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 302-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2007.12.001
Guerin E, Sheridan C, Assheton D, Kent D, Wong D, Grant M et al. SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation. Microvascular Research. 2008 Apr;75(3):302-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2007.12.001
Guerin, Eoin ; Sheridan, Carl ; Assheton, David ; Kent, David ; Wong, David ; Grant, Maria ; Hiscott, Paul. / SDF1-alpha is associated with VEGFR-2 in human choroidal neovascularisation. In: Microvascular Research. 2008 ; Vol. 75, No. 3. pp. 302-307.
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