Self-care and Well-being Model for Elderly Women: A Comparison of Rural and Urban Areas

Hsiu Hung Wang, Carol Shieh, Ruey Hsia Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships among age, social class, perceived health, self-care, and well-being in urban and rural elderly women and to validate and compare two models using these two groups. A causal model of self-care and well-being was proposed for this study based on Orem's self-care model and empirical data. Data were collected using a survey-interview method. Of the 351 elderly women recruited, 159 were in the urban group and 192 in the rural group. Two models of self-care and well-being were tested using path analysis with the LISREL 8 program. The resultant models yielded a Chi-squared of 1.98 with two degrees of freedom (p = 0.37) in the urban group and a Chi-squared of 4.20 with three degrees of freedom (p = 0.24) in the rural group, indicating good fit between the data and the two models. These two models provide guidelines for community nurses to design appropriate self-care programs for elderly women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalKaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004


  • Causal model
  • Elderly women
  • Path analysis
  • Self-care
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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