Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients

A Pilot Study

Erica R. Scioli-Salter, Brian N. Smith, Savannah McSheffrey, Matthew Bair, Marie A. Sillice, Mary Driscoll, Diana M. Higgins, Kelly Allsup, Aneline Amalathas, Megan R. Gerber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. While multimodal treatment approaches for fibromyalgia (FM), incorporating exercise, have been found most effective, information about factors associated with exercise adoption and maintenance is lacking. Design, Setting, and Methods. Women veterans with FM (N = 19) completed an anonymous Internet survey measuring FM impact (FI), adoption of exercise behavior, and self-efficacy for exercise. Using classifications of behavior specified by the transtheoretical model, the self-efficacy of participants classified in the action or maintenance (AM) stages was compared with those in earlier stages (precontemplation through preparation) of exercise readiness. Multivariate analysis of variance analyses examined differences in FI domains by stage of change. Analysis of covariance examined whether exercise self-efficacy differed by stage of change while controlling for FI. Results. Higher levels of self-efficacy were detected among participants in the AM stages. Participants in the AM stages also reported higher levels of FI symptoms. After controlling for FI, self-efficacy did not differ significantly between the 2 groups; however the effect size was large (η2 =.11). Conclusions. Findings of this pilot study suggest a role for self-efficacy in exercise adoption and maintenance, even in the setting of higher FM symptoms. Replication of this study with a larger sample size is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Fibromyalgia
Self Efficacy
Maintenance
Exercise
Analysis of Variance
Combined Modality Therapy
Veterans
Internet
Sample Size
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • exercise
  • fibromyalgia
  • self-determination theory
  • self-efficacy
  • transtheoretical model
  • veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Scioli-Salter, E. R., Smith, B. N., McSheffrey, S., Bair, M., Sillice, M. A., Driscoll, M., ... Gerber, M. R. (Accepted/In press). Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients: A Pilot Study. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827617745264

Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients : A Pilot Study. / Scioli-Salter, Erica R.; Smith, Brian N.; McSheffrey, Savannah; Bair, Matthew; Sillice, Marie A.; Driscoll, Mary; Higgins, Diana M.; Allsup, Kelly; Amalathas, Aneline; Gerber, Megan R.

In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scioli-Salter, ER, Smith, BN, McSheffrey, S, Bair, M, Sillice, MA, Driscoll, M, Higgins, DM, Allsup, K, Amalathas, A & Gerber, MR 2017, 'Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients: A Pilot Study', American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827617745264
Scioli-Salter, Erica R. ; Smith, Brian N. ; McSheffrey, Savannah ; Bair, Matthew ; Sillice, Marie A. ; Driscoll, Mary ; Higgins, Diana M. ; Allsup, Kelly ; Amalathas, Aneline ; Gerber, Megan R. / Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients : A Pilot Study. In: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2017.
@article{e5b649ab88d14dc69f5bd0c1cbdc10bf,
title = "Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients: A Pilot Study",
abstract = "Objective. While multimodal treatment approaches for fibromyalgia (FM), incorporating exercise, have been found most effective, information about factors associated with exercise adoption and maintenance is lacking. Design, Setting, and Methods. Women veterans with FM (N = 19) completed an anonymous Internet survey measuring FM impact (FI), adoption of exercise behavior, and self-efficacy for exercise. Using classifications of behavior specified by the transtheoretical model, the self-efficacy of participants classified in the action or maintenance (AM) stages was compared with those in earlier stages (precontemplation through preparation) of exercise readiness. Multivariate analysis of variance analyses examined differences in FI domains by stage of change. Analysis of covariance examined whether exercise self-efficacy differed by stage of change while controlling for FI. Results. Higher levels of self-efficacy were detected among participants in the AM stages. Participants in the AM stages also reported higher levels of FI symptoms. After controlling for FI, self-efficacy did not differ significantly between the 2 groups; however the effect size was large (η2 =.11). Conclusions. Findings of this pilot study suggest a role for self-efficacy in exercise adoption and maintenance, even in the setting of higher FM symptoms. Replication of this study with a larger sample size is warranted.",
keywords = "exercise, fibromyalgia, self-determination theory, self-efficacy, transtheoretical model, veterans",
author = "Scioli-Salter, {Erica R.} and Smith, {Brian N.} and Savannah McSheffrey and Matthew Bair and Sillice, {Marie A.} and Mary Driscoll and Higgins, {Diana M.} and Kelly Allsup and Aneline Amalathas and Gerber, {Megan R.}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1559827617745264",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine",
issn = "1559-8276",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-Efficacy for Adoption and Maintenance of Exercise Among Fibromyalgia Patients

T2 - A Pilot Study

AU - Scioli-Salter, Erica R.

AU - Smith, Brian N.

AU - McSheffrey, Savannah

AU - Bair, Matthew

AU - Sillice, Marie A.

AU - Driscoll, Mary

AU - Higgins, Diana M.

AU - Allsup, Kelly

AU - Amalathas, Aneline

AU - Gerber, Megan R.

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Objective. While multimodal treatment approaches for fibromyalgia (FM), incorporating exercise, have been found most effective, information about factors associated with exercise adoption and maintenance is lacking. Design, Setting, and Methods. Women veterans with FM (N = 19) completed an anonymous Internet survey measuring FM impact (FI), adoption of exercise behavior, and self-efficacy for exercise. Using classifications of behavior specified by the transtheoretical model, the self-efficacy of participants classified in the action or maintenance (AM) stages was compared with those in earlier stages (precontemplation through preparation) of exercise readiness. Multivariate analysis of variance analyses examined differences in FI domains by stage of change. Analysis of covariance examined whether exercise self-efficacy differed by stage of change while controlling for FI. Results. Higher levels of self-efficacy were detected among participants in the AM stages. Participants in the AM stages also reported higher levels of FI symptoms. After controlling for FI, self-efficacy did not differ significantly between the 2 groups; however the effect size was large (η2 =.11). Conclusions. Findings of this pilot study suggest a role for self-efficacy in exercise adoption and maintenance, even in the setting of higher FM symptoms. Replication of this study with a larger sample size is warranted.

AB - Objective. While multimodal treatment approaches for fibromyalgia (FM), incorporating exercise, have been found most effective, information about factors associated with exercise adoption and maintenance is lacking. Design, Setting, and Methods. Women veterans with FM (N = 19) completed an anonymous Internet survey measuring FM impact (FI), adoption of exercise behavior, and self-efficacy for exercise. Using classifications of behavior specified by the transtheoretical model, the self-efficacy of participants classified in the action or maintenance (AM) stages was compared with those in earlier stages (precontemplation through preparation) of exercise readiness. Multivariate analysis of variance analyses examined differences in FI domains by stage of change. Analysis of covariance examined whether exercise self-efficacy differed by stage of change while controlling for FI. Results. Higher levels of self-efficacy were detected among participants in the AM stages. Participants in the AM stages also reported higher levels of FI symptoms. After controlling for FI, self-efficacy did not differ significantly between the 2 groups; however the effect size was large (η2 =.11). Conclusions. Findings of this pilot study suggest a role for self-efficacy in exercise adoption and maintenance, even in the setting of higher FM symptoms. Replication of this study with a larger sample size is warranted.

KW - exercise

KW - fibromyalgia

KW - self-determination theory

KW - self-efficacy

KW - transtheoretical model

KW - veterans

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046020556&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85046020556&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1559827617745264

DO - 10.1177/1559827617745264

M3 - Article

JO - American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

JF - American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine

SN - 1559-8276

ER -