Semiparametric regression on cumulative incidence function with interval-censored competing risks data

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Abstract

Many biomedical and clinical studies with time-to-event outcomes involve competing risks data. These data are frequently subject to interval censoring. This means that the failure time is not precisely observed but is only known to lie between two observation times such as clinical visits in a cohort study. Not taking into account the interval censoring may result in biased estimation of the cause-specific cumulative incidence function, an important quantity in the competing risks framework, used for evaluating interventions in populations, for studying the prognosis of various diseases, and for prediction and implementation science purposes. In this work, we consider the class of semiparametric generalized odds rate transformation models in the context of sieve maximum likelihood estimation based on B-splines. This large class of models includes both the proportional odds and the proportional subdistribution hazard models (i.e., the Fine-Gray model) as special cases. The estimator for the regression parameter is shown to be consistent, asymptotically normal and semiparametrically efficient. Simulation studies suggest that the method performs well even with small sample sizes. As an illustration, we use the proposed method to analyze data from HIV-infected individuals obtained from a large cohort study in sub-Saharan Africa. We also provide the R function ciregic that implements the proposed method and present an illustrative example.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalStatistics in Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Cumulative Incidence Function
Semiparametric Regression
Competing Risks
Interval Censoring
Cohort Study
Interval
Incidence
Cohort Studies
Proportional Odds
Biased Estimation
Grey Model
Transformation Model
Odds
Proportional Hazards Model
Africa South of the Sahara
Sieve
Prognosis
Failure Time
Small Sample Size
B-spline

Keywords

  • Competing risks
  • Cumulative incidence function
  • Interval censoring
  • R function
  • Semiparametric efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics and Probability

Cite this

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title = "Semiparametric regression on cumulative incidence function with interval-censored competing risks data",
abstract = "Many biomedical and clinical studies with time-to-event outcomes involve competing risks data. These data are frequently subject to interval censoring. This means that the failure time is not precisely observed but is only known to lie between two observation times such as clinical visits in a cohort study. Not taking into account the interval censoring may result in biased estimation of the cause-specific cumulative incidence function, an important quantity in the competing risks framework, used for evaluating interventions in populations, for studying the prognosis of various diseases, and for prediction and implementation science purposes. In this work, we consider the class of semiparametric generalized odds rate transformation models in the context of sieve maximum likelihood estimation based on B-splines. This large class of models includes both the proportional odds and the proportional subdistribution hazard models (i.e., the Fine-Gray model) as special cases. The estimator for the regression parameter is shown to be consistent, asymptotically normal and semiparametrically efficient. Simulation studies suggest that the method performs well even with small sample sizes. As an illustration, we use the proposed method to analyze data from HIV-infected individuals obtained from a large cohort study in sub-Saharan Africa. We also provide the R function ciregic that implements the proposed method and present an illustrative example.",
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AB - Many biomedical and clinical studies with time-to-event outcomes involve competing risks data. These data are frequently subject to interval censoring. This means that the failure time is not precisely observed but is only known to lie between two observation times such as clinical visits in a cohort study. Not taking into account the interval censoring may result in biased estimation of the cause-specific cumulative incidence function, an important quantity in the competing risks framework, used for evaluating interventions in populations, for studying the prognosis of various diseases, and for prediction and implementation science purposes. In this work, we consider the class of semiparametric generalized odds rate transformation models in the context of sieve maximum likelihood estimation based on B-splines. This large class of models includes both the proportional odds and the proportional subdistribution hazard models (i.e., the Fine-Gray model) as special cases. The estimator for the regression parameter is shown to be consistent, asymptotically normal and semiparametrically efficient. Simulation studies suggest that the method performs well even with small sample sizes. As an illustration, we use the proposed method to analyze data from HIV-infected individuals obtained from a large cohort study in sub-Saharan Africa. We also provide the R function ciregic that implements the proposed method and present an illustrative example.

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