Sensitivity of fever for diagnosis of clinical malaria in a Kenyan area of unstable, low malaria transmission

Albino L. Mutanda, Priscah Cheruiyot, James S. Hodges, George Ayodo, Wilson Odero, Chandy John

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Malaria in highland areas of Kenya affects children and adults. Local clinicians include symptoms other than fever when screening for malaria because they believe that fever alone does not capture all cases of malaria. Methods. Individuals who presented to dispensaries in a highland Kenya site of low, unstable malaria transmission from 2007-2011 with 1 or more of 11 symptoms were tested by microscopy for malaria. Clinical malaria was defined as asexual Plasmodium falciparum infection on peripheral blood smear in an individual with any screening symptom. Asymptomatic P. falciparum infection was assessed in a cohort at ten time points to determine the extent to which symptomatic episodes with parasitaemia might be attributable to baseline (asymptomatic) parasitaemia in the community. Results: 3,420 individuals were screened for malaria, 634 <5 years of age and 2,786 ≥ 5 years of age. For the diagnosis of clinical malaria, the symptom of fever had a sensitivity and specificity of 88.9% and15.4% in children

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number163
JournalMalaria Journal
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 30 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Malaria
Fever
Parasitemia
Kenya
Plasmodium falciparum
Microscopy
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • Fever
  • Highland
  • Malaria
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Symptom
  • Unstable transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Parasitology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sensitivity of fever for diagnosis of clinical malaria in a Kenyan area of unstable, low malaria transmission. / Mutanda, Albino L.; Cheruiyot, Priscah; Hodges, James S.; Ayodo, George; Odero, Wilson; John, Chandy.

In: Malaria Journal, Vol. 13, No. 1, 163, 30.04.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mutanda, Albino L. ; Cheruiyot, Priscah ; Hodges, James S. ; Ayodo, George ; Odero, Wilson ; John, Chandy. / Sensitivity of fever for diagnosis of clinical malaria in a Kenyan area of unstable, low malaria transmission. In: Malaria Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 13, No. 1.
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