Separation of vesicles of cardiac sarcolemma from vesicles of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. Comparative biochemical analysis of component activities.

Larry Jones, H. R. Besch, J. W. Fleming, M. M. McConnaughey, A. M. Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane vesicle fractions were isolated from cardiac microsomes. Separation of sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane markers was documented by a combination of correlative assay and centrifugation techniques. To facilitate the separation, the crude microsomes were incubated in the presence of ATP, Ca2+, and oxalate to increase the density of the sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. After sucrose gradient centrifugation, the densest subfraction (sarcoplasmic reticulum) contained the highest (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity and virtually no (Na2+,K+)-ATPase activity, even when latent (Na+,K+)-ATPase activity was unmasked. In addition, the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction contained no significant sialic acid, beta receptor binding activity, or adenylate cyclase activity. Sarcolemmal membrane fractions were of low buoyant density. Preparations most enriched in sarcolemmal vesicles contained the highest level of all the other parameters and only about 10% of the (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction. The results suggest that (Na+,K+)-ATPase, sialic acid, beta-adrenergic receptors, and adenylate cyclase can be entirely accounted for by the sarcolemmal content of cardiac microsomes. Gel electrophoresis of the sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane fractions showed distinct bands. Membrane proteins exclusive to each of the fractions were also demonstrated by phosphorylation. Cyclic AMP stimulated phosphorylation by [gamma-32P]ATP of two proteins of apparent Mr = 20,000 and 7,000 that were concentrated in sarcoplasmic reticulum, but the stimulation was markedly dependent on the presence of added soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Cyclic AMP also stimulated phosphorylation of membrane proteins in sarcolemma, but this phosphorylation was mediated by an endogenous protein kinase activity. The apparent molecular weights of these phosphorylated proteins were 165,000, 90,000, 56,000, 24,000, and 11,000. The results suggest that sarcolemma may contain an integral enzyme complex, not present in sarcoplasmic reticulum, that contains beta-adrenergic receptors, adenylate cyclase, cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, and several substrates of the protein kinase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-539
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume254
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 25 1979
Externally publishedYes

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Sarcolemma
Phosphorylation
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Adenylyl Cyclases
Membranes
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Centrifugation
Receptors, Adrenergic, beta
N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
Cyclic AMP
Protein Kinases
Membrane Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphate
Microsomes
Oxalates
Electrophoresis
Sucrose
Assays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Separation of vesicles of cardiac sarcolemma from vesicles of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. Comparative biochemical analysis of component activities. / Jones, Larry; Besch, H. R.; Fleming, J. W.; McConnaughey, M. M.; Watanabe, A. M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 254, No. 2, 25.01.1979, p. 530-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane vesicle fractions were isolated from cardiac microsomes. Separation of sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane markers was documented by a combination of correlative assay and centrifugation techniques. To facilitate the separation, the crude microsomes were incubated in the presence of ATP, Ca2+, and oxalate to increase the density of the sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. After sucrose gradient centrifugation, the densest subfraction (sarcoplasmic reticulum) contained the highest (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity and virtually no (Na2+,K+)-ATPase activity, even when latent (Na+,K+)-ATPase activity was unmasked. In addition, the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction contained no significant sialic acid, beta receptor binding activity, or adenylate cyclase activity. Sarcolemmal membrane fractions were of low buoyant density. Preparations most enriched in sarcolemmal vesicles contained the highest level of all the other parameters and only about 10{\%} of the (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction. The results suggest that (Na+,K+)-ATPase, sialic acid, beta-adrenergic receptors, and adenylate cyclase can be entirely accounted for by the sarcolemmal content of cardiac microsomes. Gel electrophoresis of the sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane fractions showed distinct bands. Membrane proteins exclusive to each of the fractions were also demonstrated by phosphorylation. Cyclic AMP stimulated phosphorylation by [gamma-32P]ATP of two proteins of apparent Mr = 20,000 and 7,000 that were concentrated in sarcoplasmic reticulum, but the stimulation was markedly dependent on the presence of added soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Cyclic AMP also stimulated phosphorylation of membrane proteins in sarcolemma, but this phosphorylation was mediated by an endogenous protein kinase activity. The apparent molecular weights of these phosphorylated proteins were 165,000, 90,000, 56,000, 24,000, and 11,000. The results suggest that sarcolemma may contain an integral enzyme complex, not present in sarcoplasmic reticulum, that contains beta-adrenergic receptors, adenylate cyclase, cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, and several substrates of the protein kinase.",
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T1 - Separation of vesicles of cardiac sarcolemma from vesicles of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. Comparative biochemical analysis of component activities.

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AU - Besch, H. R.

AU - Fleming, J. W.

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AU - Watanabe, A. M.

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N2 - Sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane vesicle fractions were isolated from cardiac microsomes. Separation of sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane markers was documented by a combination of correlative assay and centrifugation techniques. To facilitate the separation, the crude microsomes were incubated in the presence of ATP, Ca2+, and oxalate to increase the density of the sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles. After sucrose gradient centrifugation, the densest subfraction (sarcoplasmic reticulum) contained the highest (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity and virtually no (Na2+,K+)-ATPase activity, even when latent (Na+,K+)-ATPase activity was unmasked. In addition, the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction contained no significant sialic acid, beta receptor binding activity, or adenylate cyclase activity. Sarcolemmal membrane fractions were of low buoyant density. Preparations most enriched in sarcolemmal vesicles contained the highest level of all the other parameters and only about 10% of the (K+,Ca2+)-ATPase activity of the sarcoplasmic reticulum fraction. The results suggest that (Na+,K+)-ATPase, sialic acid, beta-adrenergic receptors, and adenylate cyclase can be entirely accounted for by the sarcolemmal content of cardiac microsomes. Gel electrophoresis of the sarcolemmal and sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane fractions showed distinct bands. Membrane proteins exclusive to each of the fractions were also demonstrated by phosphorylation. Cyclic AMP stimulated phosphorylation by [gamma-32P]ATP of two proteins of apparent Mr = 20,000 and 7,000 that were concentrated in sarcoplasmic reticulum, but the stimulation was markedly dependent on the presence of added soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase. Cyclic AMP also stimulated phosphorylation of membrane proteins in sarcolemma, but this phosphorylation was mediated by an endogenous protein kinase activity. The apparent molecular weights of these phosphorylated proteins were 165,000, 90,000, 56,000, 24,000, and 11,000. The results suggest that sarcolemma may contain an integral enzyme complex, not present in sarcoplasmic reticulum, that contains beta-adrenergic receptors, adenylate cyclase, cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, and several substrates of the protein kinase.

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