The time-dependent cytocidal and growth inhibitory effects of Adriamycin (ADM) on monolayer cultures of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumor cells were analyzed. The inhibitory effect on cell proliferation was assessed by colony formation in soft agar. Growth inhibition and [3H]thymidine labeling indices clearly demonstrate a dose-dependent antimitotic and cytotoxic effect of the drug. At low concentrations (10–9–10–8 M), 90–100% of cells survived 24-hr exposure. At a higher concentration (10–5 M), 75–80% of cells survived after 8-hr exposure; by 72 hr only 20–30% of the cells remained. Autoradiographic examination of the pulse-labeled cultures demonstrated no change in the proportion of cells in S-phase during the first 4 hr of treatment. Subsequently DNA synthesis was completely abolished and remained inhibited for the duration of the experiment (72 hr). Clonogenic assay revealed a complete arrest of growth in cells exposed to 10–5 M ADM and greater than 60% inhibition of cell proliferation at 10–7 M. Ultrastructural changes were not observed in cells during the first 4 hr of treatment; however, after 8 hr most surviving cells exhibited alterations in nuclear chromatin. The surviving cells also showed mitochondrial degeneration, myelin body formation, and vacuolization of the endoplasmic reticulum. This study shows the potential usefulness of the primary culture system in drug evaluation. In addition, serial observation of the effects of ADM revealed a cell subpopulation of the primary culture with differential sensitivity to the drug.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine|
|State||Published - Nov 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)