SERCA1a can functionally substitute for SERCA2a in the heart

Yong Ji, Evgeny Loukianov, Tanya Loukianova, Larry R. Jones, Muthu Periasamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

We recently generated a transgenic (TG) mouse model in which the fast- twitch skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA1a) is overexpressed in the heart. Ectopic overexpression of SERCA1a results in remodeling of the cardiac SR containing 80% SERCA1a and 20% endogenous SERCA2a with an ~2.5-fold increase in the total amount of SERCA protein (E. Loukianov et al. Circ. Res. 83: 889-897, 1998). We have analyzed the Ca2+ transport properties of membranes from SERCA1a TG hearts in comparison to control hearts. Our data show that the maximal velocity of SR Ca2+ transport was significantly increased (~1.9-fold) in TG hearts, whereas the apparent affinity of the SERCA pump for Ca2+ was not changed. Addition of phospholamban antibody in the Ca2+ uptake assays increased the apparent affinity for Ca2+ to the same extent in TG and non-TG (NTG) hearts, suggesting that phospholamban regulates the SERCA1a pump in TG hearts. Analysis of SERCA enzymatic properties in TG hearts revealed that the SERCA pump affinity for ATP, the Hill coefficient, the pH dependence of Ca2+ uptake, and the effect of acidic pH on Ca2+ transport were similar to those of NTG hearts. Interestingly, the rate constant of phosphoenzyme decay (turnover rate of SERCA enzyme) was also very similar between TG and NTG hearts. Together these findings suggest that 1) the SERCA1a pump can functionally substitute for SERCA2a and is regulated by endogenous phospholamban in the heart and 2) SERCA1a exhibits several enzymatic properties similar to those of SERCA2a when expressed in a cardiac setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H89-H97
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume276
Issue number1 45-1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Calcium transport
  • Isoform
  • Phospholamban
  • Sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum calcium- adenosinetriphosphatase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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