The sarcoendoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ ATPase 2 (SERCA2) pump is a P-type ATPase tasked with the maintenance of ER Ca2+ stores. Whereas β-Cell SERCA2 expression is reduced in diabetes, the role of SERCA2 in the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis has remained uncharacterized. To this end, SERCA2 heterozygous mice (S2HET) were challenged with a high-fat diet (HFD) containing 45% of kilocalories from fat. After 16 weeks of the HFD, S2HET mice were hyperglycemic and glucose intolerant, but adiposity and insulin sensitivity were not different between HFD-fed S2HET mice and HFD-fed wild-type controls. Consistent with a defect in β-Cell function, insulin secretion, glucose-induced cytosolic Ca2+ mobilization, and the onset of steady-state glucose-induced Ca2+ oscillations were impaired in HFDfed S2HET islets.Moreover, HFD-fed S2HETmice exhibited reduced β-Cell mass and proliferation, altered insulin production and proinsulin processing, and increased islet ER stress and death. In contrast, SERCA2 activation with a small molecule allosteric activator increased ER Ca2+ storage and rescued tunicamycin-induced β-Cell death. In aggregate, these data suggest a critical role for SERCA2 and the regulation of ER Ca2+ homeostasis in the β-Cell compensatory response to diet-induced obesity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism