Serum leptin responses after acute resistance exercise protocols

A. Zafeiridis, I. Smilios, R. V. Considine, S. P. Tokmakidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


This study examined the acute effects of maximum strength (MS), muscular hypertrophy (MH), and strength endurance (SE) resistance exercise protocols on serum leptin. Ten young lean men (age = 23 ± 4 yr; body weight = 79.6 ± 5.2 kg; body fat = 10.2 ± 3.9%) participated in MS [4 sets x 5 repetitions (reps) at 88% of 1 repetition maximum (1 RM) with 3 min of rest between sets], MH (4 sets x 10 reps at 75% of 1 RM with 2 min of rest between sets), SE (4 sets x 15 reps at 60% of 1 RM with 1 min of rest between sets), and control (C) sessions. Blood samples were collected before and immediately after exercise and after 30 min of recovery. Serum leptin at 30 min of recovery exhibited similar reductions from baseline after the MS (-20 ± 5%), MH (-20 ± 4%), and SE (-15 ± 6%) protocols that were comparable to fasting-induced reduction in the C session (-12 ± 3%) (P < 0.05). Furthermore, no differences were found in serum leptin among the MS, MH, SE, and C sessions immediately after exercise and at 30 min of recovery (P > 0.05). Cortisol was higher (P < 0.05) after the MH and SE protocols than after the MS and C sessions. Glucose and growth hormone were higher (P < 0.05) after exercise in the MS, MH, and SE protocols than after the C session. In conclusion, typical resistance exercise protocols designed for development of MS, MH, and SE did not result in serum leptin changes when sampled immediately or 30 min postexercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-597
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003


  • Glucose
  • Hormones
  • Maximum strength
  • Muscular hypertrophy
  • Strength endurance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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