Serum markers of bone turnover are increased at six and 18 months after Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery: Correlation with the reduction in leptin

Carolina Bruno, Angie D. Fulford, Jenna R. Potts, Ronald McClintock, Rose Marie Jones, Brenda M. Cacucci, Christine E. Gupta, Munro Peacock, Robert V. Considine

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study was to examine serum markers of bone turnover at 6 and 18 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Participants: Ten women and 10 men [body mass index (BMI), 50.2 ± 8.4 kg/m2] were studied at 6 months; 10 women and nine men (BMI, 47.2 ± 6.6 kg/m2) were studied at 18 months after surgery. Main Outcome Measures: Serum osteocalcin, bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), N-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (NTX), PTH, 25-hydroxy vitamin D, and leptin were measured. Results: BMI was reduced 32.7 ± 6.2% at 6 months after surgery. Serum osteocalcin (6.9 ± 2.4 to 10.9 ± 2.6 ng/ml; P < 0.0001), BAP (14.2 ± 3.7 to 16.4 ± 4.5 ng/ml; P = 0.04), and NTX (10.9 ± 1.7 to 19.6 ± 5.3 nM bone collagen equivalents; P < 0.0001) were increased. Calcium, phosphate, and PTH were unchanged, but 25-hydroxy vitamin D increased (16.0 ± 8.9 vs. 26.9 ± 10.6 ng/ml; P <0.0001). The increase in NTX correlated with reduction in serum leptin (r = 0.58; P = 0.007). BMI was reduced 40.9 ± 7.5% at 18 months after surgery. Serum BAP (17.6 ± 5.3 to 22.2 ± 7.8 ng/ml; P = 0.0017) and NTX (10.8 ± 2.7 to 16.9 ± 5.5 nM bone collagen equivalents; P < 0.0001) were increased. Calcium, phosphate, and PTH were unchanged, but 25-hydroxy vitamin D increased (17.7 ± 7.6 to 25.6 ± 6.8 ng/ml; P < 0.0001). The increase in NTX correlated with reduction in BMI (r = 0.58; P = 0.009) and leptin (r = 0.45; P = 0.04) and the increase in serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D(r = 0.43; P = 0.05). In multiple regression (adjusted model R 2 0.263; P = 0.013), reduction in leptin was a significant predictor of increase in NTX (P = 0.016), but changes in BMI and 25-hydroxy vitamin D were not. Conclusions: Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with long-term increase in serum markers of bone turnover. The increase in NTX is related to the decrease in leptin, which may signal caloric restriction to the skeleton.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-166
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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