Serum one-carbon metabolites and risk of cervical cancer

Sujata Pathak, Deepti Bajpai, Ayan Banerjee, Neerja Bhatla, Sunesh Kumar Jain, Hiremagular N. Jayaram, Neeta Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Most cases of cervical cancer are associated with human papilloma virus (HPV) infection of high risk types. In folate deficiency, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 (hnRNP-E1) interferes with HPV16 viral capsid protein synthesis. We aimed to study the importance of 1-carbon metabolism in cervical carcinogenesis by examining serum vitamin B12 (cobalamin), homocysteine, folate levels, and the RNA and protein expression of HPV16 L1, L2, E6, E7, and to correlate them with hnRNP-E1 expression and HPV infection in normals, squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs), and cervical cancer subjects. Serum cobalamin, folate, and homocysteine were estimated using kits, RNA by real time PCR and proteins by Western blotting. We observed that lower folate and vitamin B12 levels were associated with HPV infection. hnRNP-E1 progressively decreased from normals (100%) to SILs (75%) to cervical cancer (52.6%). The findings show that HPV16 E6 and E7 are overexpresed whereas HPV16 L1 and L2 are downregulated at mRNA and protein levels in cervical cancer as compared to normals and SILs. The results indicate that perhaps the reduced expression of hnRNP-E1 might be involved with the cervical cancer pathogenesis, with folate playing a role in the natural history of HPV infection. © 2014

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)818-824
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 4 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Pathak, S., Bajpai, D., Banerjee, A., Bhatla, N., Jain, S. K., Jayaram, H. N., & Singh, N. (2014). Serum one-carbon metabolites and risk of cervical cancer. Nutrition and Cancer, 66(5), 818-824.