This paper uses confirmatory structural equation models to develop and test a theoretical model for understanding the service utilization history of 4679 youth who received services from 10 national HIV/AIDS demonstration models of youth-appropriate and youth-attractive services funded by the Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS) Program, HIV/AIDS Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration. Although the projects differ from one another in the areas of emphasis in their service models, each is targeted to youth at high risk for HIV, or those youth who have already contracted HIV. Collectively, the projects represent a comprehensive adolescent HIV service model. This paper examines the characteristics of the services provided to young people ranging from outreach to intensive participation in medical treatment. Major typologies of service utilization are derived empirically through exploratory factor and cluster analysis methods. Confirmatory structural equation modeling methods are used to refine the exploratory results using a derivation and replication strategy and methods of statistical estimation appropriate for non-normally distributed service utilization indicators. The model hypothesizes that youth enter the service system through a general construct of connectedness to a comprehensive service model and through service-specific methods, primarily of outreach or emergency services. Estimates are made of the degree to which a comprehensive service model drives the services as opposed to specific service entry points.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases