Sex steroid levels and response to weight loss interventions among postmenopausal women in the diabetes prevention program

Catherine Kim, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, John F. Randolph, Shengchun Kong, Bin Nan, Kieren J. Mather, Sherita H. Golden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Objectives To examine whether estrogen use potentiates weight loss interventions via sex steroid levels and whether endogenous sex steroid levels predict response to weight loss interventions among women not using estrogen. Methods The Diabetes Prevention Program randomized overweight or obese dysglycemic participants to lifestyle change with the goals of weight reduction of >7% of initial weight and 150 minutes per week of exercise, metformin, or placebo. In this secondary analysis, we examined sex steroid levels and reductions in weight and waist circumference (WC) among postmenopausal women using (n = 324) and not using (n = 382) oral estrogen. Results Estrogen users and nonusers randomized to lifestyle change and metformin both lost significant amounts of weight compared to placebo. Reductions in weight and WC over 1 year associated with randomization arm were not associated with baseline sex steroid levels among estrogen users or nonusers. Conclusions Among estrogen users, baseline sex steroids were not associated with reductions in weight or WC, suggesting that exogenous estrogen does not potentiate weight loss by altering sex steroids. Among nonestrogen users, baseline sex steroids were not associated with reductions in weight or WC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)882-887
Number of pages6
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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