SH2 Domain-Containing Phosphatase 2 Is a Critical Regulator of Connective Tissue Mast Cell Survival and Homeostasis in Mice

Namit Sharma, Vijay Kumar, Stephanie Everingham, Raghuveer Singh Mali, Reuben Kapur, Li Fan Zeng, Zhong Yin Zhang, Gen Sheng Feng, Karin Hartmann, Axel Roers, Andrew W.B. Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mast cells require KIT receptor tyrosine kinase signaling for development and survival. Here, we report that SH2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) signaling downstream of KIT is essential for mast cell survival and homeostasis in mice. Using a novel mouse model with shp2 deletion within mature mast cells (MC-shp2 knockout [KO]), we find that SHP2 is required for the homeostasis of connective tissue mast cells. Consistently with the loss of skin mast cells, MC-shp2 KO mice fail to mount a passive late-phase cutaneous anaphylaxis response. To better define the phenotype of shp2-deficient mast cells, we used an inducible shp2 knockout approach in bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) or cultured peritoneal mast cells and found that SHP2 promotes mast cell survival. We show that SHP2 promotes KIT signaling to extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) mitogenactivated protein kinase and downregulation of the proapoptotic protein Bim in BMMCs. Also, SHP2-deficient BMMCs failed to repopulate mast cells in mast cell-deficient mice. Silencing of Bim partially rescued survival defects in shp2-deficient BMMCs, consistent with the importance of a KIT¡SHP2¡Ras/ERK pathway in suppressing Bim and promoting mast cell survival. Thus, SHP2 is a key node in a mast cell survival pathway and a new potential therapeutic target in diseases involving mast cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2653-2663
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume32
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Sharma, N., Kumar, V., Everingham, S., Mali, R. S., Kapur, R., Zeng, L. F., Zhang, Z. Y., Feng, G. S., Hartmann, K., Roers, A., & Craig, A. W. B. (2012). SH2 Domain-Containing Phosphatase 2 Is a Critical Regulator of Connective Tissue Mast Cell Survival and Homeostasis in Mice. Molecular and cellular biology, 32(14), 2653-2663. https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.00308-12