Shock wave lithotripsy targeting of the kidney and pancreas does not increase the severity of metabolic syndrome in a porcine model

Rajash K. Handa, Andrew P. Evan, Bret A. Connors, Cynthia D. Johnson, Ziyue Liu, Mouhamad Alloosh, Michael Sturek, Carmella Evans-Molina, Jessica A. Mandeville, Ehud Gnessin, James E. Lingeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Purpose We determined whether shock wave lithotripsy of the kidney of pigs with metabolic syndrome would worsen glucose tolerance or increase the risk of diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods Nine-month-old female Ossabaw miniature pigs were fed a hypercaloric atherogenic diet to induce metabolic syndrome. At age 15 months the pigs were treated with 2,000 or 4,000 shock waves (24 kV at 120 shock waves per minute) using an unmodified HM3 lithotripter (Dornier MedTech, Kennesaw, Georgia). Shock waves were targeted to the left kidney upper pole calyx to model treatment that would also expose the pancreatic tail to shock waves. The intravenous glucose tolerance test was done in conscious fasting pigs before lithotripsy, and 1 and 2 months after lithotripsy with blood samples taken for glucose and insulin measurement. Results Pigs fed the hypercaloric atherogenic diet were obese, dyslipidemic, insulin resistant and glucose intolerant, consistent with metabolic syndrome. Assessments of insulin resistance, glucose tolerance and pancreatic β cell function from fasting plasma glucose and insulin levels, and the glucose and insulin response profile to the intravenous glucose tolerance test were similar before and after lithotripsy. Conclusions The metabolic syndrome status of pigs treated with shock wave lithotripsy was unchanged 2 months after kidney treatment with 2,000 high amplitude shock waves or overtreatment with 4,000 high amplitude shock waves. These findings do not support a single shock wave lithotripsy treatment of the kidney as a risk factor for the onset of diabetes mellitus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • diabetes mellitus
  • kidney
  • lithotripsy
  • metabolic syndrome X
  • risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Medicine(all)

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