Short-term in vivo stability of endothelial-lined polyester elastomer and polytetrafluoroethylene grafts

Kenneth A. Kesler, Malcolm B. Herring, Michael P. Arnold, Howard M. Park, Sally Baughman, John L. Glover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


A fibronectin substrate will significantly enhance the strength of endothelial cell attachment on grafts constructed of polyester elastomer (PE) and polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE). This experiment was undertaken to determine the short-term in vivo stability of endothelium on these fibronectin coated surfaces. Eight mongrel dogs underwent bilateral carotid artery replacement with both graft materials. All grafts were Inoculated with 2,000 cells/mm2 using cultured autogenous venous endothelium labelled with Indium-111-oxine. The lndium-111 label in the grafts was measured immediately prior to implantation, after 1 hour of in vivo perfusion, and at explanation after 24 hours. The percentage of inoculated cells attached to the grafts before perfusion was similar for both materials, 93.3 ± 3.0% versus 92.2 ± 7.2%, for PE and e-PTFE respectively. All grafts were patent at one hour after implantation. PE grafts were found to have 93.8 ± 3.9% of the attached cells present at one hour while e-PTFE grafts had only 54.5 ± 10.8% remaining, p < .001. After 24 hours, 5/8 (62.5%) e-PTFE grafts and 2/8 (25.0%) PE grafts remained patent, p = .13. Of the patent grafts however, endothelial cell retention was still superior on the PE grafts with 78.0 ± 0.6% of the attached cells remaining compared to only 24.5 ± 6.1% on e-PTFE, p < .001. Occluded PE grafts had fewer cells remaining at 24 hours than patent ones, 78.0 ± 0.6% versus 31.1 ± 32.8%, respectively, p = .13. Histologically, patent PE grafts demonstrated nearly confluent endothelial monolayers while e-PTFE had patches of endothelial cells surrounded by a platelet-fibrin carpet. We conclude that short-term patency appears to be determined by the extent of endothelial retention on PE but not e-PTFE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-65
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986


  • Arterial grafts
  • Endothelial cells
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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