A major determinant of the risk of osteoporosis is peak bone mineral density (BMD), which has been shown to have substantial heritability. The genes for 3 BMD-related phenotypes (autosomal dominant high bone mass, autosomal recessive osteoporosis-pseudoglioma, and autosomal recessives osteopetrosis) are all in the chromosome 11q12-13 region. We reported linkage of peak BMD in a large sample of healthy premenopausal sister pairs to this same chromosomal region, suggesting that the genes underlying these 3 disorders may also play a role in determining peak BMD within the normal population. To test this hypothesis, we examined the gene responsible for 1 form of autosomal recessive osteopetrosis, TCIRG1, which encodes an osteoclast-specific subunit (0C116) of the vacuolar proton pump. We identified 3 variants in the sequence of TCIRG1, but only one, single nuclear polymorphism 906713, had sufficient heterozygosity for use in genetic analyses. Our findings were consistent with linkage to femoral neck BMD, but not to spine BMR, in a sample of 995 healthy premenopausal sister pairs. However, further analysis, using both population and family-based disequilibrium approaches, did not demonstrate any evidence of association between TCIRG1 and the spine or femoral neck BMD. Therefore, our linkage data suggest that the chromosomal region that contains OC116 harbors a gene that affects peak BMD, but our association results indicate that polymorphisms in the OC116 gene do not affect peak BMD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical