Six habits of highly successful health information technology: Powerful strategies for design and implementation

Jessica M. Ray, Raj M. Ratwani, Christine A. Sinsky, Richard M. Frankel, Mark W. Friedberg, Seth M. Powsner, David I. Rosenthal, Robert M. Wachter, Edward R. Melnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Healthcare information technologies are now a routine component of patient-clinician interactions. Originally designed for operational functions including billing and regulatory compliance, these systems have had unintended consequences including increased exam room documentation, divided attention during the visit, and use of scribes to alleviate documentation burdens. In an age in which technology is ubiquitous in everyday life, we must re-envision healthcare technology to support both clinical operations and, above all, the patient-clinician relationship. We present 6 habits for designing user-centered health technologies: (1) put patient care first, (2) assemble a team with the right skills, (3) relentlessly ask WHY, (4) keep it simple, (5) be Darwinian, and (6) don't lose the forest for the trees. These habits should open dialogues between developers, implementers, end users, and stakeholders, as well as outline a path for better, more usable technology that puts patients and their clinicians back at the center of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1109-1114
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Informatics Association
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jun 24 2019



  • digital health
  • doctor-patient relationship
  • health information technology
  • human centered design
  • user centered design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Ray, J. M., Ratwani, R. M., Sinsky, C. A., Frankel, R. M., Friedberg, M. W., Powsner, S. M., Rosenthal, D. I., Wachter, R. M., & Melnick, E. R. (2019). Six habits of highly successful health information technology: Powerful strategies for design and implementation. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 26(10), 1109-1114.