Six-month daily administration of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related protein peptides to adult ovariectomized rats markedly enhances bone mass and biomechanical properties: A comparison of human parathyroid hormone 1-34, parathyroid hormone-related protein 1-36, and SDZ- parathyroid hormone 893

A. F. Stewart, R. L. Cain, David Burr, D. Jacob, C. H. Turner, J. M. Hock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Daily administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) peptides has been shown to increase bone mass and strength in animals and, for PTH, to increase bone mass in humans. Long-term direct comparison of multiple members of the PTH/PTHrP family in vivo has not been reported. We therefore selected three PTH/PTHrP molecules for direct comparison in vivo in an adult rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis: PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and the PTH analog, SDZ-PTH 893 {Leu8, Asp10, Lys11, Ala16, Gln18, Thr33, Ala34 human PTH 1-34 [hPTH(1-34)]}. A 6-month study was performed in which adult (6-month-old) vehicle-treated ovariectomized (OVX) and sham OVX rats were compared with OVX rats receiving 40 μg/kg per day of either PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), or PTH-SDZ-893. Bone mass, as assessed by ash weight and densitometry, bone histomorphometry, biomechanical properties at trabecular and cortical sites, and indices of bone formation markedly increased in all three PTH/PTHrP peptide-treated groups as compared with controls. In general, this improvement followed a rank order of SDZ-PTH-893 > PTH > PTHrP. The adverse effect profile also was greatest with SDZ-PTH-893; these rats developed moderate hypercalcemia, marked renal calcium accumulation, and displayed a 13% mortality. These studies show that PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and PTH-SDZ-893 significantly and progressively increase bone mass and bone strength in this rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The adverse effect profile correlates in general terms with efficacy. All three peptides show promise as skeletal anabolic agents. Further studies in humans will be required to define optimal efficacy-to-adverse effect ratios and relative efficacy for each peptide in human osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1525
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Volume15
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2000

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Teriparatide
Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
Parathyroid Hormone
Bone and Bones
Postmenopausal Osteoporosis
Anabolic Agents
Peptides
Densitometry
Hypercalcemia
Osteogenesis
Osteoporosis

Keywords

  • Osteoporosis
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Parathyroid hormone-related protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{9fbfeb1248c449029b7690e3eb31545d,
title = "Six-month daily administration of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related protein peptides to adult ovariectomized rats markedly enhances bone mass and biomechanical properties: A comparison of human parathyroid hormone 1-34, parathyroid hormone-related protein 1-36, and SDZ- parathyroid hormone 893",
abstract = "Daily administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) peptides has been shown to increase bone mass and strength in animals and, for PTH, to increase bone mass in humans. Long-term direct comparison of multiple members of the PTH/PTHrP family in vivo has not been reported. We therefore selected three PTH/PTHrP molecules for direct comparison in vivo in an adult rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis: PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and the PTH analog, SDZ-PTH 893 {Leu8, Asp10, Lys11, Ala16, Gln18, Thr33, Ala34 human PTH 1-34 [hPTH(1-34)]}. A 6-month study was performed in which adult (6-month-old) vehicle-treated ovariectomized (OVX) and sham OVX rats were compared with OVX rats receiving 40 μg/kg per day of either PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), or PTH-SDZ-893. Bone mass, as assessed by ash weight and densitometry, bone histomorphometry, biomechanical properties at trabecular and cortical sites, and indices of bone formation markedly increased in all three PTH/PTHrP peptide-treated groups as compared with controls. In general, this improvement followed a rank order of SDZ-PTH-893 > PTH > PTHrP. The adverse effect profile also was greatest with SDZ-PTH-893; these rats developed moderate hypercalcemia, marked renal calcium accumulation, and displayed a 13{\%} mortality. These studies show that PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and PTH-SDZ-893 significantly and progressively increase bone mass and bone strength in this rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The adverse effect profile correlates in general terms with efficacy. All three peptides show promise as skeletal anabolic agents. Further studies in humans will be required to define optimal efficacy-to-adverse effect ratios and relative efficacy for each peptide in human osteoporosis.",
keywords = "Osteoporosis, Parathyroid hormone, Parathyroid hormone-related protein",
author = "Stewart, {A. F.} and Cain, {R. L.} and David Burr and D. Jacob and Turner, {C. H.} and Hock, {J. M.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Six-month daily administration of parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related protein peptides to adult ovariectomized rats markedly enhances bone mass and biomechanical properties

T2 - A comparison of human parathyroid hormone 1-34, parathyroid hormone-related protein 1-36, and SDZ- parathyroid hormone 893

AU - Stewart, A. F.

AU - Cain, R. L.

AU - Burr, David

AU - Jacob, D.

AU - Turner, C. H.

AU - Hock, J. M.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Daily administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) peptides has been shown to increase bone mass and strength in animals and, for PTH, to increase bone mass in humans. Long-term direct comparison of multiple members of the PTH/PTHrP family in vivo has not been reported. We therefore selected three PTH/PTHrP molecules for direct comparison in vivo in an adult rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis: PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and the PTH analog, SDZ-PTH 893 {Leu8, Asp10, Lys11, Ala16, Gln18, Thr33, Ala34 human PTH 1-34 [hPTH(1-34)]}. A 6-month study was performed in which adult (6-month-old) vehicle-treated ovariectomized (OVX) and sham OVX rats were compared with OVX rats receiving 40 μg/kg per day of either PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), or PTH-SDZ-893. Bone mass, as assessed by ash weight and densitometry, bone histomorphometry, biomechanical properties at trabecular and cortical sites, and indices of bone formation markedly increased in all three PTH/PTHrP peptide-treated groups as compared with controls. In general, this improvement followed a rank order of SDZ-PTH-893 > PTH > PTHrP. The adverse effect profile also was greatest with SDZ-PTH-893; these rats developed moderate hypercalcemia, marked renal calcium accumulation, and displayed a 13% mortality. These studies show that PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and PTH-SDZ-893 significantly and progressively increase bone mass and bone strength in this rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The adverse effect profile correlates in general terms with efficacy. All three peptides show promise as skeletal anabolic agents. Further studies in humans will be required to define optimal efficacy-to-adverse effect ratios and relative efficacy for each peptide in human osteoporosis.

AB - Daily administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) peptides has been shown to increase bone mass and strength in animals and, for PTH, to increase bone mass in humans. Long-term direct comparison of multiple members of the PTH/PTHrP family in vivo has not been reported. We therefore selected three PTH/PTHrP molecules for direct comparison in vivo in an adult rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis: PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and the PTH analog, SDZ-PTH 893 {Leu8, Asp10, Lys11, Ala16, Gln18, Thr33, Ala34 human PTH 1-34 [hPTH(1-34)]}. A 6-month study was performed in which adult (6-month-old) vehicle-treated ovariectomized (OVX) and sham OVX rats were compared with OVX rats receiving 40 μg/kg per day of either PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), or PTH-SDZ-893. Bone mass, as assessed by ash weight and densitometry, bone histomorphometry, biomechanical properties at trabecular and cortical sites, and indices of bone formation markedly increased in all three PTH/PTHrP peptide-treated groups as compared with controls. In general, this improvement followed a rank order of SDZ-PTH-893 > PTH > PTHrP. The adverse effect profile also was greatest with SDZ-PTH-893; these rats developed moderate hypercalcemia, marked renal calcium accumulation, and displayed a 13% mortality. These studies show that PTH(1-34), PTHrP(1-36), and PTH-SDZ-893 significantly and progressively increase bone mass and bone strength in this rat model of postmenopausal osteoporosis. The adverse effect profile correlates in general terms with efficacy. All three peptides show promise as skeletal anabolic agents. Further studies in humans will be required to define optimal efficacy-to-adverse effect ratios and relative efficacy for each peptide in human osteoporosis.

KW - Osteoporosis

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KW - Parathyroid hormone-related protein

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