Skeletal changes associated with the onset of type 2 diabetes in the ZDF and ZDSD rodent models

Susan Reinwald, Richard G. Peterson, Matt R. Allen, David B. Burr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations


The incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) continue to escalate at an unprecedented rate in the United States, particularly among populations with high rates of obesity. The impact of T2D on bone mass, geometry, architecture, strength, and resistance to fracture has yet to be incontrovertibly characterized because of the complex and heterogeneous nature of this disease. This study utilized skeletally mature male diabetic rats of the commonly used Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) and Zucker diabetic Sprague-Dawley (ZDSD) strains as surrogate models to assess alterations in bone attributable to T2D-like states. After the animals were euthanized, bone data were collected using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, peripheral quantitative tomography, and micro-CT imaging modalities and via three-point bending or compression mechanical testing methods. ZDF and ZDSD diabetic rats exhibited lower bone mineral densities, which coincided with declines in structural strength and increased fragility at the femoral midshaft and the L4 vertebral body in response to monotonic loading. Vertebral trabecular morphology was compromised in both diabetic rodent strains, and ZDSD diabetic rats exhibited additional phenotypic impairments to bone material properties at the spine. Because the metabolic origin of the T2D-like state that develops in the ZDSD rat strain is highly relevant to adult-onset diabetes, it is a particularly attractive novel model for future preclinical research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E765-E774
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Hyperglycemia
  • Leptin
  • Leptin receptor
  • Zucker diabetic fatty rat
  • Zucker diabetic sprague-dawley rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Skeletal changes associated with the onset of type 2 diabetes in the ZDF and ZDSD rodent models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this