SLC/Exodus2/6Ckine/TCA4 induces chemotaxis of hematopoietic progenitor cells: Differential activity of ligands of CCR7, CXCR3, or CXCR4 in chemotaxis vs. suppression of progenitor proliferation

Chang H. Kim, Hal E. Broxmeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chemokines induce chemotaxis of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC), and suppress their proliferation. In this study we report that SLC/Exodus2/6Ckine/TCA4 (hereafter termed SLC) is a chemoattractant for human CD34+ HPC. SLC mainly induces preferential chemotaxis of macrophage progenitors. We examined the chemotactic activity of CXCR3 ligands on CD34+ HPC because it has been reported that SLC is a potential ligand of CXC chemokine receptor, CXCR3, in addition to a CC chemokine receptor, CCR7. It was found that the CXCR3 ligands, MIG and interferon-γ inducible protein-10 (IP-10), unlike SLC, did not induce chemotaxis of CD34+ HPC. In this regard, CCR7 ligands (SLC and CKβ-11), but not IP-10 and MIG, induce actin polymerization in CD34+ cells. On the other hand, CCR7 ligands and CXCR3 ligands, but not the CXCR4 ligand SDF-1, showed inhibitory activity for proliferation of myeloid progenitor cells. Our results suggest that SLC is a potential trafficking factor for HPC, and that chemokines that bind CCR7, CXCR4, and CXCR3 have differential biological activities on HPC in terms of suppression and chemotaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Keywords

  • Chemokine
  • IP-10
  • MIG
  • SDF-1
  • SLC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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