Sleep in pediatric primary care: A review of the literature

Sarah Honaker, Lisa J. Meltzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Primary care is a critical setting for screening and management of pediatric sleep difficulties. This review summarizes studies examining the prevalence of sleep problems in primary care settings as well as current practices in screening, diagnosis, and management, including behavioral recommendations and medications. Potential barriers to effectively addressing sleep are also reviewed. Despite the high prevalence of pediatric sleep problems in primary care, rates of screening and management are low. Primary care providers receive minimal sleep training and have resulting gaps in knowledge and confidence. Parents similarly have gaps in knowledge and many factors contribute to their identification of sleep as problematic. Recommendations to improve the provision of sleep services in pediatric primary care are made in the areas of research, practice, and education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
JournalSleep Medicine Reviews
Volume25
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Diagnosis
  • Insomnia
  • Management
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Pediatric
  • Primary care
  • Screening
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology

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