Sleep patterns during hospitalization following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Eileen Danaher Hacker, Mary Catherine Kapella, Chang Park, Carol E. Ferrans, Janet L. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Purpose/Objectives: To characterize patient-reported and objective sleep assessments and provide a preliminary examination of the relationships among sleep, quality of life, and demographic or treatment factors. Design: A secondary data analysis using a descriptive-correlational design. Setting: University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. Sample: 40 patients undergoing a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) hospitalized for the conditioning regimen, stem cell infusion, and immediate recovery period. Methods: Each patient wore a wrist actigraph continuously from the fourth day following HCT to the eighth day to objectively assess sleep patterns (total sleep time, sleep onset latency, sleep efficiency, wake after sleep onset, and number of awakenings). At the end of the five-day period, patients completed measures of sleep disturbance and quality of life. Main Research Variables: Objective sleep (total sleep time, sleep onset latency, sleep efficiency, wake after sleep onset, and number of awakenings), subjective sleep (sleep disturbance), and quality of life. Findings: The mean total nighttime sleep (objectively obtained) was 232 minutes (SD = 71 minutes), with 14 patients (35%) sleeping less than three consecutive hours during one or more study days. Age was negatively correlated with patient-reported sleep disturbance. Patientreported sleep disturbance was significantly associated with length of hospital stay. No correlations were found between patient-reported and objective sleep assessments. Conclusions: This study objectively documents inadequate and irregular sleep in hospitalized patients undergoing HCT. Sole reliance on patient-reported sleep assessments may not represent the full extent of the problem. Implications for Nursing: Attempts to streamline care during the night by not waking patients for routine care unless indicated by the patient's condition (as advocated by the American Academy of Nursing) and providing supportive care for symptoms (such as diarrhea) during the night may reduce the number of awakenings and possibly improve overall sleep quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-379
Number of pages9
JournalOncology nursing forum
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015


  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • Hospitalization
  • Sleep
  • Sleep disturbances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology(nursing)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sleep patterns during hospitalization following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this