Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: Current concepts

David D. Aronsson, Randall T. Loder, Gert J. Breur, Stuart L. Weinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is a common hip disorder in adolescents, with an incidence of 0.2 (Japan) to 10 (United States) per 100,000. The etiology is unknown, but biomechanical and biochemical factors play an important role. Symptoms at presentation include pain in the groin, thigh, or knee. Ambulatory patients also may present with a limp. Nonambulatory patients present with excruciating pain. The slipped capital femoral epiphysis is classified as stable when the patient can walk and unstable when the patient cannot walk, even with the aid of crutches. Because the epiphysis slips posteriorly, it is best seen on lateral radiographs. The treatment of choice for stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis is single-screw fixation in situ. This method has a high probability of long-term success, with minimal risk of complications. In the patient with unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis, urgent hip joint aspiration followed by closed reduction and single- or double-screw fixation provides the best environment for a satisfactory result, while minimizing the risk of complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)666-679
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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