Small bowel tumors

Emad M. Abu-Hamda, Eyas M. Hattab, Patrick M. Lynch

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Primary tumors of the small bowel are rare, and their clinical presentation is nonspecific. Consequently, preoperative diagnosis remains the exception rather than the rule. Although the small intestine makes up 75% of the length and 90% of the surface area of the gastrointestinal tract, small bowel tumors make up approximately 3% of all malignant gastrointestinal neoplasms. Primary neoplasms of the small intestine are notorious for their insidious presentation and vague symptoms, including abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss. These nonspecific symptoms, coupled with the lack of physical findings, often cause a significant delay in reaching a diagnosis. Because the small bowel has been a relatively inaccessible area to standard endoscopic techniques, contrast radiography has been regarded historically as the gold standard diagnostic modality. The management of primary malignant small bowel tumors is invariably surgical. However, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be warranted, depending on the type of tumor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-393
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent gastroenterology reports
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Abu-Hamda, E. M., Hattab, E. M., & Lynch, P. M. (2003). Small bowel tumors. Current gastroenterology reports, 5(5), 386-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1933-0332(07)76136-0