Smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes

Judith Maddatu, Emily Anderson-Baucum, Carmella Evans-Molina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite accumulating evidence demonstrating strong epidemiologic and mechanistic associations between cigarette smoking, hyperglycemia, and the development of type 2 diabetes, tobacco abuse has not been uniformly recognized as a modifiable risk factor in diabetes prevention or screening strategies. In this review, we highlight population-based studies that have linked cigarette smoking with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and summarize clinical and preclinical studies offering insight into mechanisms through which cigarette smoking and nicotine exposure impact body composition, insulin sensitivity, and pancreatic β cell function. Key questions for future studies are identified and strategies for smoking cessation as a means to decrease diabetes risk are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalTranslational Research
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Physiology (medical)

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