Smoking patterns of low-income ethnoculturally diverse pregnant women: Are we casting the net wide enough?

Laurie Ruggiero, Mary De Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cigarette smoking poses significant risk to mother and infant during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Recruitment of pregnant smokers to intervention studies has often been reactive and has excluded certain subgroups of women, such as those who have recently quit smoking. In this study, we examined smoking patterns among a proactively recruited sample of women presenting to six urban community maternity clinics. The current report describes the patterns of smoking in this population of ethnoculturally diverse low-income urban pregnant women and examines differences across subgroups. The majority of the total sample in the current study reported that they had never smoked. Of the total, 30% reported having 'ever' smoked and 16% were current smokers. Of the group of 'ever' smokers, 18% quit greater than 12 months before pregnancy, 5% quit 0-12 months before pregnancy and 23% quit during this pregnancy. On the average, women who quit during pregnancy did so about 5 weeks after diagnosis. Of those women who continued to smoke during pregnancy, the average number of cigarettes smoked per day was 10 ± 8. Differences were found in smoking patterns across the ethnocultural subgroups. Recruitment represents the first and one of the most important phases in intervening with pregnant women. Inclusion of both current smokers and recent self-quitters takes the fullest advantage of the window of opportunity to help women quit smoking and remain cigarette free for good.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-554
Number of pages6
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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