sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli

Diacylglycerol analogues define specificity and mechanism

James P. Walsh, Lester Fahrner, Robert M. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A detailed structure/function analysis of the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase was performed with three goals in mind: (a) to define the substrate specificity; (6) to discover inhibitors; and (c) to elucidate the specificity of diacylglycerol-dependent inactivation. Forty-seven structural analogues of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol were prepared and examined as substrates, inhibitors, and irreversible inactivators of the enzyme using mixed micellar assay methods. Modification of the acyl chains or the sn-2 ester affected the apparent Km but had only small effects on Vm; modifications of the sn-1 ester, sn-3 methylene, or sn-3 hydroxyl had large effects on the apparent Vm and smaller effects on Km. Consistent with these observations, diacylglycerol analogues modified only in the acyl chains or sn-2 ester were not diacylglycerol kinase inhibitors, whereas analogues with substitutions of the sn-1 ester or sn-3 hydroxyl frequently caused inhibition. A hydrogen bond-donating group was required for an analogue to be a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor. Studies of diacylglycerol kinase inactivation by the various analogues were consistent with the previous conclusion that this process involves an interaction of diacylglycerols with an enzyme conformation different from that active in catalysis (Walsh, J. P., and Bell, R. M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15062-15069). Studies with a water-soluble diacylglycerol, sn-1,2-dibutyrylglycerol, allowed direct comparison of diacylglycerol kinase activity in mixed micelles with that in native membranes. The results are discussed in relation to the structural requirements of other diacylglycerol-dependent enzymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4374-4381
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 15 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Diacylglycerol Kinase
Diglycerides
Escherichia coli
Esters
Substrate Specificity
Hydroxyl Radical
Substrates
Enzymes
Micelles
Catalysis
Conformations
Hydrogen
Assays
Hydrogen bonds
Substitution reactions
Membranes
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli : Diacylglycerol analogues define specificity and mechanism. / Walsh, James P.; Fahrner, Lester; Bell, Robert M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 265, No. 8, 15.03.1990, p. 4374-4381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walsh, James P. ; Fahrner, Lester ; Bell, Robert M. / sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli : Diacylglycerol analogues define specificity and mechanism. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1990 ; Vol. 265, No. 8. pp. 4374-4381.
@article{a768be3a6317467985f055fe6c72b9c8,
title = "sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli: Diacylglycerol analogues define specificity and mechanism",
abstract = "A detailed structure/function analysis of the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase was performed with three goals in mind: (a) to define the substrate specificity; (6) to discover inhibitors; and (c) to elucidate the specificity of diacylglycerol-dependent inactivation. Forty-seven structural analogues of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol were prepared and examined as substrates, inhibitors, and irreversible inactivators of the enzyme using mixed micellar assay methods. Modification of the acyl chains or the sn-2 ester affected the apparent Km but had only small effects on Vm; modifications of the sn-1 ester, sn-3 methylene, or sn-3 hydroxyl had large effects on the apparent Vm and smaller effects on Km. Consistent with these observations, diacylglycerol analogues modified only in the acyl chains or sn-2 ester were not diacylglycerol kinase inhibitors, whereas analogues with substitutions of the sn-1 ester or sn-3 hydroxyl frequently caused inhibition. A hydrogen bond-donating group was required for an analogue to be a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor. Studies of diacylglycerol kinase inactivation by the various analogues were consistent with the previous conclusion that this process involves an interaction of diacylglycerols with an enzyme conformation different from that active in catalysis (Walsh, J. P., and Bell, R. M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15062-15069). Studies with a water-soluble diacylglycerol, sn-1,2-dibutyrylglycerol, allowed direct comparison of diacylglycerol kinase activity in mixed micelles with that in native membranes. The results are discussed in relation to the structural requirements of other diacylglycerol-dependent enzymes.",
author = "Walsh, {James P.} and Lester Fahrner and Bell, {Robert M.}",
year = "1990",
month = "3",
day = "15",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "265",
pages = "4374--4381",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase of Escherichia coli

T2 - Diacylglycerol analogues define specificity and mechanism

AU - Walsh, James P.

AU - Fahrner, Lester

AU - Bell, Robert M.

PY - 1990/3/15

Y1 - 1990/3/15

N2 - A detailed structure/function analysis of the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase was performed with three goals in mind: (a) to define the substrate specificity; (6) to discover inhibitors; and (c) to elucidate the specificity of diacylglycerol-dependent inactivation. Forty-seven structural analogues of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol were prepared and examined as substrates, inhibitors, and irreversible inactivators of the enzyme using mixed micellar assay methods. Modification of the acyl chains or the sn-2 ester affected the apparent Km but had only small effects on Vm; modifications of the sn-1 ester, sn-3 methylene, or sn-3 hydroxyl had large effects on the apparent Vm and smaller effects on Km. Consistent with these observations, diacylglycerol analogues modified only in the acyl chains or sn-2 ester were not diacylglycerol kinase inhibitors, whereas analogues with substitutions of the sn-1 ester or sn-3 hydroxyl frequently caused inhibition. A hydrogen bond-donating group was required for an analogue to be a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor. Studies of diacylglycerol kinase inactivation by the various analogues were consistent with the previous conclusion that this process involves an interaction of diacylglycerols with an enzyme conformation different from that active in catalysis (Walsh, J. P., and Bell, R. M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15062-15069). Studies with a water-soluble diacylglycerol, sn-1,2-dibutyrylglycerol, allowed direct comparison of diacylglycerol kinase activity in mixed micelles with that in native membranes. The results are discussed in relation to the structural requirements of other diacylglycerol-dependent enzymes.

AB - A detailed structure/function analysis of the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase was performed with three goals in mind: (a) to define the substrate specificity; (6) to discover inhibitors; and (c) to elucidate the specificity of diacylglycerol-dependent inactivation. Forty-seven structural analogues of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol were prepared and examined as substrates, inhibitors, and irreversible inactivators of the enzyme using mixed micellar assay methods. Modification of the acyl chains or the sn-2 ester affected the apparent Km but had only small effects on Vm; modifications of the sn-1 ester, sn-3 methylene, or sn-3 hydroxyl had large effects on the apparent Vm and smaller effects on Km. Consistent with these observations, diacylglycerol analogues modified only in the acyl chains or sn-2 ester were not diacylglycerol kinase inhibitors, whereas analogues with substitutions of the sn-1 ester or sn-3 hydroxyl frequently caused inhibition. A hydrogen bond-donating group was required for an analogue to be a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor. Studies of diacylglycerol kinase inactivation by the various analogues were consistent with the previous conclusion that this process involves an interaction of diacylglycerols with an enzyme conformation different from that active in catalysis (Walsh, J. P., and Bell, R. M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15062-15069). Studies with a water-soluble diacylglycerol, sn-1,2-dibutyrylglycerol, allowed direct comparison of diacylglycerol kinase activity in mixed micelles with that in native membranes. The results are discussed in relation to the structural requirements of other diacylglycerol-dependent enzymes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025234744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025234744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 265

SP - 4374

EP - 4381

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 8

ER -