A detailed structure/function analysis of the substrate specificity of Escherichia coli sn-1,2-diacylglycerol kinase was performed with three goals in mind: (a) to define the substrate specificity; (b) to discover inhibitors; and (c) to elucidate the specificity of diacylglycerol-dependent inactivation. Forty-seven structural analogues of sn-1,2-diacylglycerol were prepared and examined as substrates, inhibitors, and irreversible inactivators of the enzyme using mixed micellar assay methods. Modification of the acyl chains or the sn-2 ester affected the apparent K(m) but had only small effects on V(m); modifications of the sn-1 ester, sn-3 methylene, or sn-3 hydroxyl had large effects on the apparent V(m) and smaller effects on K(m). Consistent with these observations, diacylglycerol analogues modified only in the acyl chains or sn-2 ester were not diacylglycerol kinase inhibitors, whereas analogues with substitutions of the sn-1 ester or sn-3 hydroxyl frequently caused inhibition. A hydrogen bond-donating group was required for an analogue to be a diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor. Studies of diacylglycerol kinase inactivation by the various analogues were consistent with the previous conclusion that this process involves an interaction of diacylglycerols with an enzyme conformation different from that active in catalysis (Walsh, J.P., and Bell, R.M. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 15062-15069). Studies with a water-soluble diacylglycerol, sn-1,2-dibutyrylglycerol, allowed direct comparison of diacylglycerol kinase activity in mixed micelles with that in native membranes. The results are discussed in relation to the structural requirements of other diacylglycerol-dependent enzymes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Mar 30 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology