Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease

J. A. Blumenthal, M. M. Burg, J. Barefoot, R. B. Williams, T. Haney, Gregory Zimet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

326 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interaction of Type A behavior and social support in relation to the degree of coronary artery disease (CAD) severity was investigated. One hundred thirteen patients undergoing diagnostic coronary angiography received the Type A structured interview (SI) and completed a battery of psychometric tests, including the Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS). Statistical analyses revealed a Type by social support interaction, such that the probability of significant CAD was inversely related to the level of social support for Type As but not Type Bs. Type As with low levels of social support had more severe CAD than Type As with high levels of social support. On the other hand, this relationship was not present for Type Bs. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that social support moderates the long-term health consequences of the Type A behavior pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-340
Number of pages10
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume49
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Social Support
Coronary Artery Disease
Interpersonal Relations
Coronary Angiography
Psychometrics
Interviews
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Blumenthal, J. A., Burg, M. M., Barefoot, J., Williams, R. B., Haney, T., & Zimet, G. (1987). Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease. Psychosomatic Medicine, 49(4), 331-340.

Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease. / Blumenthal, J. A.; Burg, M. M.; Barefoot, J.; Williams, R. B.; Haney, T.; Zimet, Gregory.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 49, No. 4, 1987, p. 331-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blumenthal, JA, Burg, MM, Barefoot, J, Williams, RB, Haney, T & Zimet, G 1987, 'Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease', Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 331-340.
Blumenthal JA, Burg MM, Barefoot J, Williams RB, Haney T, Zimet G. Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease. Psychosomatic Medicine. 1987;49(4):331-340.
Blumenthal, J. A. ; Burg, M. M. ; Barefoot, J. ; Williams, R. B. ; Haney, T. ; Zimet, Gregory. / Social support, Type A behavior, and coronary artery disease. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 1987 ; Vol. 49, No. 4. pp. 331-340.
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