Desigualdades socioeconómicas en salud bucal: Factores asociados a la frecuencia de cepillado dental en escolares nicaragüenses

Translated title of the contribution: Socioeconomic inequalities in oral health: Factors associated with tooth brushing frequency among Nicaraguan schoolchildren

Miriam Del Socorro Herrera, Salvador Eduardo Lucas-Rincón, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Gerardo Maupomé, María Del Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Horacio Islas-Granillo, Arturo José Islas-Márquez, Alfonso Atitlán-Gil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To identify the association between tooth brushing frequency and variables of socioeconomic position in Nicaraguan schoolchildren. Material and Methods. A cross sectional study was undertaken in 1353 schoolchildren ages 6 to 12 randomly selected from 25 elementary schools in Leon, Nicaragua. Using a questionnaire addressed to mothers, sociodemographic, socioeconomic and behavioral variables were collected. The dependent variable was tooth brushing frequency, which was dichotomized in 0 "at least one 7 times / week" and 1 "7 or more times/week". A multivariate analysis was carried out with logistic regression in STATA 9. Results. The average age of child participants was 8.99 ± 2.00 years and 49.7% were women. In the final model, older age (OR = 2.04), female sex (OR = 1.39) and having a mother with positive attitudes toward oral health (OR = 2.5) were positively associated with the tooth brushing frequency (p < 0.05). Larger family size (OR = 0.89) and having low socioeconomic status (1st quartile; OR = 0.54, 2nd quartile; OR = 0.62, 3rd quartile; OR = 0.67) showed a negative relationship with the tooth brushing frequency. To have had at least one preventive dental visit in the previous year was positively associated (p < 0.10) with tooth brushing frequency. Conclusion. This study suggested that existence of indicators of socioeconomic inequalities exist even within less developed countries, and thus emphasize the need to target health promotion programs to vulnerable socioeconomic groups.

Translated title of the contributionSocioeconomic inequalities in oral health: Factors associated with tooth brushing frequency among Nicaraguan schoolchildren
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)489-496
Number of pages8
JournalRevista de Investigacion Clinica
Volume61
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Nicaragua
  • Oral health
  • Schoolchildren
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Tooth brushing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Herrera, M. D. S., Lucas-Rincón, S. E., Medina-Solís, C. E., Maupomé, G., Márquez-Corona, M. D. L., Islas-Granillo, H., Islas-Márquez, A. J., & Atitlán-Gil, A. (2009). Desigualdades socioeconómicas en salud bucal: Factores asociados a la frecuencia de cepillado dental en escolares nicaragüenses. Revista de Investigacion Clinica, 61(6), 489-496.