Socioeconomic status and exercise self-efficacy in late life

Daniel Clark, Donald L. Patrick, David Grembowski, Mary L. Durham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-efficacy, or assessments about one's ability to carry out particular tasks, has been shown to play a central role in the adoption and maintenance of exercise. The relationship between exercise self-efficacy and socioeconomic status (SES), however, has not been formally developed or tested, and the implications of SES for exercise interventions are not known. We hypothesize pathways through which income, education, and occupation affect self-efficacy and capitalize on the availability of responses from 1944 older HMO enrollees to investigate the direct and indirect associations of SES indicators with exercise self-efficacy. Direct associations of age and education are found. Indirect associations of age, income, education, and occupation operate primarily through previous exercise experience, satisfaction with amount of walking, depression, and outcome expectations. The potentially modifiable nature of exercise outcome expectations (i.e., belief in the benefits of exercise) in combination with its strong association with exercise self-efficacy argue in support of greater consideration of its role in attempts to improve exercise self-efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-376
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1995

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Self Efficacy
Social Class
Occupations
Education
Aptitude
Health Maintenance Organizations
Walking
Maintenance
Depression

Keywords

  • exercise
  • older adults
  • self-efficacy
  • SES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Socioeconomic status and exercise self-efficacy in late life. / Clark, Daniel; Patrick, Donald L.; Grembowski, David; Durham, Mary L.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 18, No. 4, 08.1995, p. 355-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clark, Daniel ; Patrick, Donald L. ; Grembowski, David ; Durham, Mary L. / Socioeconomic status and exercise self-efficacy in late life. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1995 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 355-376.
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