Purposes of this exploratory case study were: (1) to examine how anxiety and depression levels vary with phase of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and (2) to examine the effect of the proposed music therapy treatment protocol on anxiety and depression levels. Six pediatric BMT patients participated in the study. Three participants experienced the music condition and three participants experienced the no-music contact condition. Both conditions consisted of six, one-hour sessions that occurred over a three week period. The Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) was administered at the conclusion of each session to examine changes in depression levels across each phase of treatment. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC) served as a pre-/post-session measure of state anxiety. Graphic analysis of scores from the CDI and STAIC indicated a consistent trend in depression and anxiety levels according to phase of treatment for all participants. Four participants (3 music; 1 no-music) experienced decreased anxiety following a majority of sessions.
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