Spatial regulation of astral microtubule dynamics by Kif18B in PtK cells

Claire E. Walczak, Hailing Zong, Sachin Jain, Jane R. Stout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The spatial and temporal control of microtubule dynamics is fundamentally important for proper spindle assembly and chromosome segregation. This is achieved, in part, by the multitude of proteins that bind to and regulate spindle microtubules, including kinesin superfamily members, which act as microtubule-destabilizing enzymes. These fall into two general classes: the kinesin-13 proteins, which directly depolymerize microtubules, and the kinesin-8 proteins, which are plus end-directed motors that either destabilize microtubules or cap the microtubule plus ends. Here we analyze the contribution of a PtK kinesin-8 protein, Kif18B, in the control of mitotic microtubule dynamics. Knockdown of Kif18B causes defects in spindle microtubule organization and a dramatic increase in astral microtubules. Kif18Bknockdown cells had defects in chromosome alignment, but there were no defects in chromosome segregation. The long astral microtubules that occur in the absence of Kif18B are limited in length by the cell cortex. Using EB1 tracking, we show that Kif18B activity is spatially controlled, as loss of Kif18B has the most dramatic effect on the lifetimes of astral microtubules that extend toward the cell cortex. Together our studies provide new insight into how diverse kinesins contribute to spatial microtubule organization in the spindle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3021-3030
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume27
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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