Spectrum of sequence variations in the FANCA gene: An International Fanconi Anemia Registry (IFAR) study

Orna Levran, Raffaella Diotti, Kanan Pujara, Sat D. Batish, Helmut Hanenberg, Arleen D. Auerbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is defined by cellular hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents, and is characterized clinically by developmental abnormalities, progressive bone-marrow failure, and predisposition to leukemia and solid tumors. There is extensive genetic heterogeneity, with at least 11 different FA complementation groups. FA-A is the most common group, accounting for approximately 65% of all affected individuals. The mutation spectrum of the FANCA gene, located on chromosome 16q24.3, is highly heterogeneous. Here we summarize all sequence variations (mutations and polymorphisms) in FANCA described in the literature and listed in the Fanconi Anemia Mutation Database as of March 2004, and report 61 novel FANCA mutations identified in FA patients registered in the International Fanconi Anemia Registry (IFAR). Thirty-eight novel SNPs, previously unreported in the literature or in dbSNP, were also identified. We studied the segregation of common FANCA SNPs in FA families to generate haplotypes. We found that FANCA SNP data are highly useful for carrier testing, prenatal diagnosis, and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, particularly when the disease-causing mutations are unknown. Twenty-two large genomic deletions were identified by detection of apparent homozygosity for rare SNPs. In addition, a conserved SNP haplotype block spanning at least 60 kb of the FANCA gene was identified in individuals from various ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)142-149
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • DHPLC
  • FANCA
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Mutation screening
  • SNP haplotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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    Levran, O., Diotti, R., Pujara, K., Batish, S. D., Hanenberg, H., & Auerbach, A. D. (2005). Spectrum of sequence variations in the FANCA gene: An International Fanconi Anemia Registry (IFAR) study. Human Mutation, 25(2), 142-149. https://doi.org/10.1002/humu.20125