Speech intelligibility and psychosocial functioning in deaf children and teens with cochlear implants

Valerie Freeman, David B. Pisoni, William G. Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deaf children with cochlear implants (CIs) are at risk for psychosocial adjustment problems, possibly due to delayed speech-language skills. This study investigated associations between a core component of spoken-language ability-speech intelligibility-and the psychosocial development of prelingually deaf CI users. Audio-transcription measures of speech intelligibility and parent reports of psychosocial behaviors were obtained for two age groups (preschool, school-age/teen). CI users in both age groups scored more poorly than typically hearing peers on speech intelligibility and several psychosocial scales. Among preschool CI users, five scales were correlated with speech intelligibility: functional communication, attention problems, atypicality, withdrawal, and adaptability. These scales and four additional scales were correlated with speech intelligibility among school-age/teen CI users: leadership, activities of daily living, anxiety, and depression. Results suggest that speech intelligibility may be an important contributing factor underlying several domains of psychosocial functioning in children and teens with CIs, particularly involving socialization, communication, and emotional adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)278-289
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Speech and Hearing

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