Sphingosine-1-phosphate induces a PDGFR-dependent cell detachment via inhibiting β1 integrin in HEK293 cells

Alexander Zaslavsky, Song Li, Yan Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several different types of interactions between sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptors and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) have been revealed recently. In this work, we used HEK293 cells to further investigate the potential crosstalk. Interestingly, we observed that S1P specifically induced a PDGFR-dependent cell detachment in HEK293 cells, which could be inhibited by AG1296, a specific inhibitor for PDGFR. EGFR on the other hand, did not have any effect on cell detachment. The detachment was extracellular matrix (ECM) protein specific, suggesting the involvement of specific integrin molecules. When β1 integrin was engaged into an active state, S1P-induced cell detachment was blocked, suggesting that S1P induced an inside-out inhibitory effect on β1 integrin. Gi protein and ERK activation were required for the cell detachment induced by S1P, suggesting an endogenous receptor for S1P is likely to be involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3899-3906
Number of pages8
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume579
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 18 2005

Keywords

  • Cell detachment
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Inside-out inhibition
  • Platelet-derived growth factor receptor
  • Sphingosine-1-phosphate
  • β integrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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